This Day in History: 10/07/2003 - Schwarzenegger Elected

This Day in History: 10/07/2003 - Schwarzenegger Elected

In this "This Day in History" video clip learn about different events that have occurred on October 7th. Some events include the adoption of the movie ratings system and Henry Ford's introduction of the assembly line. Also, the US invades Afghanistan and Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California.

Gov. Davis Is Recalled Schwarzenegger Wins

Arnold Schwarzenegger won the historic California recall election Tuesday as a tide of voter anger toppled Gray Davis just 11 months after the Democrat had been reelected governor.

In a popular revolt unmatched in the 92 years that Californians have held the power to recall elected officials, voters chose a Republican film star with no government experience to replace an incumbent steeped for three decades in state politics.

12:00 AM, Oct. 09, 2003 For The Record
Los Angeles Times Thursday October 09, 2003 Home Edition Main News Part A Page 2 National Desk 0 inches 29 words Type of Material: Correction
Bustamante -- The name of the wife of California’s lieutenant governor was misspelled in a Section A photo caption in some editions Wednesday. She is Arcelia Bustamante, not Aracella.

Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante, a Democrat, finished second to Schwarzenegger, while state Sen. Tom McClintock, a Republican, came in third.

A jubilant Schwarzenegger greeted hundreds of cheering supporters Tuesday night in a Century City ballroom. After an introduction by “Tonight Show” host Jay Leno, Schwarzenegger thanked California for entrusting him with the state’s highest public office and vowed “to live up to that trust.”

“I will not fail you,” he told the crowd. “I will not disappoint you, and I will not let you down.”

After a recall campaign that sharply polarized the California electorate, Schwarzenegger, whose wife, Maria Shriver, was at his side, vowed to reach out to political adversaries.

“The first choice that we must make is the one that will determine our success,” he said. “Shall we rebuild our state together or shall we fight among ourselves, create an even deeper division, and fail the people of California? Well, let me tell you something: the answer is clear. For the people to win, politics as usual must lose.”

Davis, the first California governor to be recalled and only the second in the nation’s history, conceded defeat shortly before Schwarzenegger’s victory speech.

“Tonight the voters decided it’s time for someone else to serve,” he told dejected supporters packed into a downtown Los Angeles hotel ballroom.

Davis was composed on stage, even as his wife, Sharon, dabbed at her eyes and struggled to smile.

“I told my mother and my wife before we came out here that this is a no-crying zone on this stage. They can cry later tonight,” Davis said with a smile.

As his supporters raucously booed the results of the special election, Davis urged them to move forward. As some in the crowd began to call for a recall of Governor-elect Schwarzenegger, Davis reminded them that “no recall” had been their message for that night. “Now I have a different message for you,” he said. “I’m calling for everyone in this state to put the chaos and the division of the recall behind us and do what’s right for this great state of California.”

For Schwarzenegger, the electoral triumph capped an extraordinary nine-week sprint to public office. Thanks largely to his worldwide fame, the action-film hero best known as the menacing “Terminator” robot attracted a flood of international media coverage to the compressed campaign.

For the last six days of the race, allegations that Schwarzenegger had groped and humiliated women threatened to derail his candidacy. But in the end, voters irked at Davis rallied behind the former champion bodybuilder. Despite misgivings about Schwarzenegger’s lack of experience in public office, voters saw him above all as a strong leader, a quality they had long found absent in Davis, according to public opinion surveys.

The national implications of Schwarzenegger’s victory were quickly apparent. Former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean, a Democratic presidential candidate who hopes the same popular anger that propelled the recall will fuel his own candidacy, said Californians had vented “their frustration with the country’s direction.”

“Come next November, that anger might be directed at a different incumbent . in the White House,” Dean said in a statement.

National television networks called the election seconds after the polls closed at 8 p.m. Surveys of voters leaving the polls had shown the recall passing and Schwarzenegger leading the field of 135 candidates vying to succeed Davis.

The election that has captured the attention of the nation -- and much of the world -- drew a heavy voter turnout, officials said. The secretary of state’s office projected turnout at 60% of registered voters. That would put it well above the record low of 51% set in November, when Davis won reelection, but short of the 71% seen in the last presidential election.

Despite long lines at many polling places, initial reports suggested that fears of a chaotic election with millions of voters baffled by the 135-candidate replacement ballot were not borne out.

In parts of California, the election produced at least some confusion among voters over how and where to cast ballots. That was largely because some of the state’s 58 counties -- including the most populous, Los Angeles -- opened far fewer polling places than for a normal election.

Secretary of State Kevin Shelley’s office dispatched more than 50 troubleshooters to the six counties that hauled out their obsolete punch-card voting machines for one last election.

In East Los Angeles, 116 people had voted by 9 a.m. at El Siloe Apostolic Church. All morning, a steady influx kept the line 10 voters deep at the check-in table.

“This is more people than I’ve ever seen before,” said poll worker Isabel Zamora, an election volunteer since John F. Kennedy was on the ballot for president.

In Sacramento, Bustamante conceded defeat Tuesday evening, but his speech was quickly yanked from national television when Schwarzenegger began speaking from Los Angeles.

“We didn’t get the rest of the results that we were hoping for, or that we wanted,” Bustamante said. “Let me say this: we did not fail. I may not be moving across the hall to the governor’s office, but I’m not going anywhere.”

It was Bustamante’s second speech of the evening. Earlier, he hailed the defeat of Proposition 54, a ballot measure that would have barred state collection or use of many racial and ethnic statistics.

“This is a dramatic victory,” he said. “It marks a dramatic turnaround. Finally, California is saying, ‘No more wedge politics.’”

The Fresno-area native, who would have been California’s first Latino governor in more than a century, went on to thank at length several Indian tribal governments that gave millions of dollars to his campaign and the drive to defeat Prop. 54.

McClintock, at another Sacramento hotel, acknowledged his loss and pledged his “wholehearted support” to Schwarzenegger.

” I believe our campaign acted as the conscience of this election, and we framed the issues upon which this contest was ultimately decided,” he told cheering supporters.

Earlier, McClintock, Schwarzenegger’s persistent GOP rival, stuck to his tough-fiscal-medicine theme after voting near his Thousand Oaks apartment.

He optimistically cast the election as a watershed for California, a day “when we roll back the taxes and the regulations that are choking off our economy, when we reined in our out-of-control bureaucracy and restored our public works.”

In Brentwood on Tuesday morning, Schwarzenegger was swarmed by reporters and camera crews outside the mansion where he and Shriver voted.

“The key thing is to think positive today and hope for the best,” Schwarzenegger told the jostling media huddle.

Inside, the former Mr. Universe who struck it rich as a Hollywood action-film hero donned a pair of wire-rimmed glasses to pinpoint “Schwarzenegger” on his punch-card ballot.

“I always look for the longest name,” he said.Davis told reporters earlier in the day that he felt “absolutely terrific.”

After voting with his wife, Sharon Davis, at a Sunset Boulevard real estate office near their West Hollywood condo, the governor said he was proud of the campaign he ran in an attempt to defeat the recall.

“I think people see the contrast between myself and Mr. Schwarzenegger, and I’m confident of the choice they’ll make today,” he said.

Davis declined to name the candidate he favored on the second part of the ballot, but implied that he had voted for Bustamante, a fellow Democrat who irked the governor by breaking a vow to stay out of the race.

“I voted for the most qualified person on the second ballot,” Davis said. “I think you can probably figure out who that is.”

Later, outside Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills, Davis invoked classic underdog Harry S. Truman, the Democrat who squeaked past Republican rival Thomas Dewey in the 1948 presidential race.

Emerging from Mass -- an Election Day tradition for Davis -- with his wife and mother, the governor said it was a “lucky omen” that his priest woke up Tuesday thinking of Truman.

“So we prayed to Saint Jude,” Davis said, referring to the patron saint of lost causes, and “to God and asked for his will to be done.”

At stake in the election was the most powerful elected office in a state of 35 million people, one beset by traffic-choked freeways, air pollution, racial divisions and a stalled economy.

As the winner, Schwarzenegger will control a sprawling government that spends close to $100 billion a year, but is expected to fall at least $8 billion short of what it needs to sustain public services next year at current levels. The Legislature’s heavy reliance on new debt to plug budget holes this year and last is apt to deepen the hole, and chronic political dysfunction in the Capitol is sure to complicate matters further.

Davis was the first statewide elected official in California to face a recall vote. Californians adopted the recall provision of the state Constitution in 1911 as part of Gov. Hiram Johnson’s Progressive agenda to curb the power of political bosses and parties. But since then, voters have recalled only local officials and four state legislators.

At the roots of Davis’ ouster were the governor’s abysmal public approval ratings, which never recovered after plummeting during the 2001 energy crisis.

In a feat of deft maneuvering, Davis won reelection last year largely by unleashing withering television ads against Republican rivals. His first round of spots against Richard Riordan were a key factor in the former Los Angeles mayor’s landslide defeat in the GOP primary.

In effect, the Democratic governor had crowned his weakest possible opponent, Bill Simon Jr., as his Republican challenger. In the next onslaught of ads, Davis slammed Simon as a dishonest and incompetent businessman. Davis won, 47% to 42%, but the record-low turnout was widely seen as a sign of voter disgust at the perennial “lesser of two evils” choice they faced.

Within weeks of his reelection, Davis revealed that the state’s budget shortfall had soared to a record $38 billion. His bitter remedy -- tax hikes and deep service cuts -- set off a storm of criticism, creating an ideal climate for a recall drive, which qualified for the ballot in July.

That alone would have been enough to make history. But the entrance of Schwarzenegger -- via “The Tonight Show with Jay Leno” -- ignited an explosion of media and voter interest in the race.

Adding to the novelty were the other 134 candidates on the replacement ballot -- among them a sumo wrestler, a porn actress, Hustler Magazine Publisher Larry Flynt and an assortment of entrepreneurs who saw the race as good publicity.

Schwarzenegger spent much of his race flying over the heads of the state’s political reporters, following his “Tonight Show” appearance with interviews on “Access Hollywood,” “Oprah” and with CNN’s Larry King.

He offered only spare details of how he would right the listing ship of state. He vowed to rescind a $4-billion increase in the state’s vehicle license fees, a move that would swell next year’s budget gap to $12 billion or more. He declined to specify any of the cuts he would need to honor his pledge not to raise taxes.

Davis, for his part, initially dismissed the recall as an irritant. His effort to tout achievements -- landmark environmental legislation, rising test scores and hundreds of thousands more children covered by health insurance -- failed to boost his standing with the public.

By election day, many voters were convinced he was not up to the job. Never, in all of the independent polling during the election, did Davis eke out even the smallest of margins in his favor.

U.S. Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Vista), whose lavish funding made the recall possible, declared Schwarzenegger’s victory “a mandate for change” and declared himself “proud to be a small part of it.”

He also lambasted the Los Angeles Times for publishing the accounts of 15 women who said they were groped or humiliated by the Hollywood star over a period spanning roughly 30 years. “The L.A. Times was a partisan against the recall, a partisan against Arnold Schwarzenegger. The people saw through it and rejected that,” Issa said.

Democrats were magnanimous in defeat -- to a point.

“May God bless California,” said Democratic Party Chairman Art Torres. “Now the hard part begins--governing.”

State Sen. Sheila Kuehl (D-Santa Monica) suggested that Schwarzenegger could use “a lesson in what he doesn’t know . The problem for the state is that he really doesn’t know anything.”

It could take up to 39 days before the new governor is sworn in. By law, a governor who is recalled “shall be removed from office upon the qualification of his successor.” But California law gives the secretary of state up to 39 days to certify election results, so the recall vote count might not be finalized until Nov. 15.

Excerpts from Arnold Schwarzenegger’s victory speech:

‘I want to thank [Maria] for the love and the strength that she has given me. I want to thank her so much for being the greatest wife and the most spectacular partner. And I know how many votes I got today because of you.’

‘And I want to thank also all the people on this campaign, all the people that volunteered, the hard work they have put in . the fantastic job they have done working around the clock all the time on my behalf. I wouldn’t be standing up here today if it wasn’t for you all.’

‘I want to also thank the people of California. From the time I came over to this country, you have opened up your arms to me, you have received me, you have given me opportunities, endless amount of opportunities. Everything that I have is because of California. I came here with absolutely nothing. California has given me absolutely everything.’

‘And today California has given me the greatest gift of all: You’ve given me your trust by voting for me. Thank you very much to all the people of California for giving me this great trust.’

‘It’s very important that we need to bring back the trust in the government itself. For two months, I went up and down the state and listened to the people. I met good, honest and hard-working people, people that want to raise their families here, people who want to do business here, who want to have jobs here, who want to educate their kids here, people that want to enjoy the clean air and the clean water. And I have heard your voice, I have heard your voices loud and clear.’

‘We have tough choices ahead. The first choice that we must make is the one that will determine our success: Shall we rebuild our state together, or shall we fight amongst ourselves, create an even deeper division and fail the people of California? Well, let me tell you something: The answer is clear. For the people to win, politics as usual must lose.’

‘I will reach out to Republicans, to Democrats and independents, to those who supported the recall and those who did not. I want to be the governor for the people.’

‘Put the Division of the Recall Behind Us’

Excerpts from Gov. Gray Davis’ concession speech:

‘Tonight I stand before you with a heart full of gratitude and appreciation. I am so grateful to all of you and to the people of California for the privilege and the honor of representing 35 million people the last five years and the opportunity to serve you, and in my own way, try to make life better. ”

‘We’ve had a lot of good nights over the last 20 years. Tonight the voters decided it’s time for someone else to serve, and I accept their judgment. I have placed a call to Mr. Arnold Schwarzenegger . to extend best wishes from myself and my wonderful wife, Sharon, to he and Maria. ”

‘Over the past five years some good things have happened, even in the face of a tough recession. We have focused on the schools, achievement scores are up five years in a row . we have 300,000 more scholarships a year for deserving students . we’ve provided health care for 1 million children who didn’t have it when I became governor, and I’m proud to have signed legislation that will extend health care to working Californians, 1 million of them starting in 2006.”

‘Now I have a different message for you. I am calling on everyone in this state to put the chaos and the division of the recall behind us and do what’s right for this great state of California.

And I pledged to Mr. Schwarzenegger tonight the full cooperation of my administration during this transition. We will do that just as Gov. Wilson did for me. “

‘I told my mother and my wife before we came out here that this is a no-crying zone on this stage. They can cry later tonight. We have had many good fights together. We have advanced the interests of our people, in this state, over my 20-year political career. I am proud of what we have accomplished together these last five years, and I am secure in the knowledge that whatever its challenges, California remains the greatest place on Earth. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless this great state.”


Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria on July 30, 1947, [10] the second son of Aurelia (née Jadrny) and Gustav Schwarzenegger. His mother was of Czech descent, [11] [12] while his paternal great-grandfather, Wenzel Mach, was also Czech and came from the village of Chocov near Mladá Vožice. [13] Wenzel had a child out of wedlock with Kunigunde Schwarzenegger, and the child (Schwarzenegger's paternal grandfather) was originally named Carl Mach but later adopted his mother's surname Schwarzenegger. [14] [15]

Schwarzenegger's father was the local chief of police and had served in World War II as a Hauptfeldwebel after voluntarily joining the Nazi Party in 1938. [16] [17] He was wounded in the Battle of Stalingrad, [18] but was discharged in 1943 following a bout of malaria. He married Aurelia on October 20, 1945 he was 38 and she was 23. Later in his life, Schwarzenegger commissioned the Jewish activist group Simon Wiesenthal Center to research his father's wartime record, which came up with no evidence of Gustav being involved in war crimes during his service in the Nazi Party and Sturmabteilung (SA). [19] Gustav's background received wide press attention during the 2003 California gubernatorial recall election in which Schwarzenegger was elected governor. [20]

According to Schwarzenegger, his parents were very strict: "Back then in Austria it was a very different world [. ] if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared." [21] He grew up in a Catholic family who attended Mass every Sunday. [22] [23] [24] Gustav had a preference for his elder son, Meinhard, over Arnold. [19] His favoritism was "strong and blatant", which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Arnold was not his biological child. [25] Schwarzenegger has said that his father had "no patience for listening or understanding your problems". [22] He had a good relationship with his mother, with whom he kept in touch until her death. [26]

Early education and bodybuilding beginnings

At school, Schwarzenegger was reportedly academically average but stood out for his "cheerful, good-humored, and exuberant" character. [22] Money was a problem in their household Schwarzenegger recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator. [25] Schwarzenegger's father Gustav was an athlete, and wished for his sons to become a champion in Bavarian curling. [27] Influenced by his father, Schwarzenegger played several sports as a boy. [22]

Schwarzenegger began weight training in 1960 when his football coach took his team to a local gym. [10] At the age of 14, he chose bodybuilding over football as a career. [4] [28] He later said, "I actually started weight training when I was 15, but I'd been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start going to the gym and start Olympic lifting." [21] However, his official website biography claims that "at 14, he started an intensive training program with Dan Farmer, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career." [29] During a speech in 2001, he said, "My own plan formed when I was 14 years old. My father had wanted me to be a police officer like he was. My mother wanted me to go to trade school." [30]

Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen. [21] When Reeves died in 2000, Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: "As a teenager, I grew up with Steve Reeves. His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible when others around me didn't always understand my dreams. Steve Reeves has been part of everything I've ever been fortunate enough to achieve." In 1961, Schwarzenegger met former Mr. Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz. [10] He was so dedicated as a youngster that he broke into the local gym on weekends in order to train even when it was closed. "It would make me sick to miss a workout. I knew I couldn't look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn't do it." When Schwarzenegger was asked about his first cinema experience as a boy, he replied: "I was very young, but I remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels. The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne movie." [21] In Graz, Schwarzenegger was mentored by Alfred Gerstl, who had Jewish ancestry and later became president of the Federal Council, and befriended his son Karl. [31] [32]

Schwarzenegger's brother, Meinhard, died in a car crash on May 20, 1971. [10] He was driving drunk and died instantly. Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral. Meinhard was engaged to Erika Knapp, and they had a three-year-old son named Patrick. Schwarzenegger paid for Patrick's education and helped him to move to the U.S. [25] Gustav died of a stroke on December 13, 1972. [10] In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger claimed that he did not attend his father's funeral because he was training for a bodybuilding contest. Later, he and the film's producer said this story was taken from another bodybuilder to show the extremes some would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger's image colder to create controversy for the film. [33] However, Barbara Baker, his first serious girlfriend, recalled that he informed her of his father's death without emotion and that he never spoke of his brother. [34] Over time, he has given at least three versions of why he was absent from his father's funeral. [25]

In an interview with Fortune in 2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what "would now be called child abuse" at the hands of his father: "My hair was pulled. I was hit with belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the children I've seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality. They didn't want to create an individual. It was all about conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken. Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, 'You can't do this,' I said, 'This is not going to be for much longer because I'm going to move out of here. I want to be rich. I want to be somebody.'" [17]

Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian Army in 1965 to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all 18-year-old Austrian males. [10] [29] During his army service, he won the Junior Mr. Europe contest. [28] He went AWOL during basic training so he could take part in the competition and then spent a week in military prison: "Participating in the competition meant so much to me that I didn't carefully think through the consequences." He entered another bodybuilding contest in Graz, at Steirerhof Hotel, where he placed second. He was voted "best-built man of Europe", which made him famous in bodybuilding circles. "The Mr. Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich." [30] Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr. Universe competition in London. [29] He placed second in the Mr. Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton. [29]

Charles "Wag" Bennett, one of the judges at the 1966 competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London. Yorton's leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs. Staying in the East End of London helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English language. [35] [36] Living with the Bennetts also changed him as a person: "Being with them made me so much more sophisticated. When you're the age I was then, you're always looking for approval, for love, for attention and also for guidance. At the time, I wasn't really aware of that. But now, looking back, I see that the Bennett family fulfilled all those needs. Especially my need to be the best in the world. To be recognized and to feel unique and special. They saw that I needed that care and attention and love." [37]

Also in 1966, while at Bennett's home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park, who became his friend and mentor. [37] [38] The training paid off and, in 1967, Schwarzenegger won the title for the first time, becoming the youngest ever Mr. Universe at the age of 20. [29] He would go on to win the title a further three times. [28] Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, where he attended a business school and worked in a health club (Rolf Putziger's gym, where he worked and trained from 1966 to 1968), returning in 1968 to London to win his next Mr. Universe title. [29] He frequently told Roger C. Field, his English coach and friend in Munich at that time, "I'm going to become the greatest actor!" [39]

Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the U.S. since the age of 10, and saw bodybuilding as the avenue through which to do so, [40] realized his dream by moving to the United States in October 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English. [28] [10] There he trained at Gold's Gym in Venice, Los Angeles, California, under Joe Weider's supervision. From 1970 to 1974, one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin, a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in 1973. [41] Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler Superstar Billy Graham. In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr. Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times. [29]

The immigration law firm Siskind & Susser has stated that Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s because of violations in the terms of his visa. [42] LA Weekly would later say in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the most famous immigrant in America, who "overcame a thick Austrian accent and transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie star in the world in the 1990s". [40]

In 1977, Schwarzenegger's autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success. [10] In 1977, he posed for the gay magazine After Dark. [43] [44] Due to taking an assortment of courses at Santa Monica College in California (including English classes), as well as further upper division classes at the University of California, Los Angeles as part of UCLA's extension program, Schwarzenegger had by then accumulated enough credits so as to be "within striking distance" of graduation. In 1979, he enrolled in the University of Wisconsin–Superior as a distance education student, completing most of his coursework by correspondence and flying out to Superior to meet professors and take final exams. In May 1980, he formally graduated and received his bachelor's degree in business administration and marketing. He got his United States citizenship in 1983. [45]

Schwarzenegger said that during this time he encountered a friend who told him he was teaching Transcendental Meditation (TM), which prompted Schwarzenegger to reveal that he had been struggling with anxiety for the first time in his life: "Even today, I still benefit from [the year of TM] because I don't merge and bring things together and see everything as one big problem." [46]

Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, [3] and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition. He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows.

For many years, he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor's various physical fitness initiatives. When the deal, including the contract that gave Schwarzenegger at least $1 million a year, was made public in 2005, many criticized it as being a conflict of interest since the governor's office made decisions concerning regulation of dietary supplements in California. [49] Consequently, Schwarzenegger relinquished the executive editor role in 2005. [49] American Media Inc., which owns Muscle & Fitness and Flex, announced in March 2013 that Schwarzenegger had accepted their renewed offer to be executive editor of the magazines. [49]

One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965. [10] He won Mr. Europe the following year, at age 19. [10] [29] He would go on to compete in many bodybuilding contests, and win most of them. His bodybuilding victories included five Mr. Universe wins (4 – NABBA [England], 1 – IFBB [USA]), and seven Mr. Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia title in 1991.

Schwarzenegger continues to work out. When asked about his personal training during the 2011 Arnold Classic he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every day. [50]


During Schwarzenegger's early years in bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting contests. Schwarzenegger's first professional competition was in 1963 [51] and he won two weightlifting contests in 1964 and 1965, as well as two powerlifting contests in 1966 and 1968. [48]

In 1967, Schwarzenegger won the Munich stone-lifting contest, in which a stone weighing 508 German pounds (254 kg / 560 lb) is lifted between the legs while standing on two footrests.

Personal records

Mr. Olympia

Schwarzenegger's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Olympia. [10] [29] His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva. However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr. Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day. [29]

He continued his winning streak in the 1971–74 competitions. [29] He also toured different countries selling vitamins, as in Helsinki, Finland in 1972, when he lived at the YMCA Hotel Hospiz (nowadays Hotel Arthur [54] ) on Vuorikatu and presented vitamin pills at the Stockmann shopping center. [55] [56] In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time, [29] beating Franco Columbu. After the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding. [29]

Months before the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete and film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges. Although significantly taller and heavier, Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr. Olympia.

Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia. [10] Schwarzenegger was training for his role in Conan, and he got into such good shape because of the running, horseback riding and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face. Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, "Why not compete?" Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of preparation. Having been declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition. This victory (subject of the documentary "The Comeback") was highly controversial, though, as fellow competitors and many observers felt that his lack of muscle mass (especially in his thighs) [57] and subpar conditioning shouldn't have allowed him to go ahead of a very competitive lineup that year [3] Mike Mentzer, in particular, felt cheated and withdrew from competitive bodybuilding after that contest. [58] [59]

Steroid use

Schwarzenegger has acknowledged using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in 1977 that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up." [60] He has called the drugs "tissue building". [61]

In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and later heart problems. Since the doctor never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a US$10,000 libel judgment against him in a German court. [62] In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with Globe, a U.S. tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder's future health. [63]

List of competitions

Arnold Schwarzenegger in bodybuilding competitions
Year Competition [64] Location Result and notes
1965 Junior Mr. Europe Germany 1st
1966 Best Built Man of Europe Germany 1st
1966 Mr. Europe Germany 1st
1966 International Powerlifting Championship Germany 1st
1966 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur London 2nd to Chet Yorton
1967 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur London 1st
1968 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st
1968 German Powerlifting Championship Germany 1st
1968 IFBB Mr. International Mexico 1st
1968 IFBB Mr. Universe Florida 2nd to Frank Zane
1969 IFBB Mr. Universe amateur New York 1st
1969 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st
1969 Mr. Olympia New York 2nd to Sergio Oliva
1970 NABBA Mr. Universe professional London 1st (defeated his idol Reg Park)
1970 AAU Mr. World Columbus, Ohio 1st (defeated Sergio Oliva for the first time)
1970 Mr. Olympia New York 1st
1971 Mr. Olympia Paris 1st
1972 Mr. Olympia Essen, Germany 1st
1973 Mr. Olympia New York 1st
1974 Mr. Olympia New York 1st
1975 Mr. Olympia Pretoria, South Africa 1st (subject of the documentary Pumping Iron)
1980 Mr. Olympia Sydney 1st (subject of the documentary The Comeback)
  • Height: 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
  • Contest weight: 235 lb (107 kg)—the lightest in 1980 Mr. Olympia: around 225 lb (102 kg), the heaviest in 1974 Mr. Olympia: around 250 lb (110 kg) [57][65]
  • Off-season weight: 260 lb (118 kg)
  • Chest: 57 in (1,400 mm)
  • Waist: 34 in (860 mm)
  • Arms: 22 in (560 mm)
  • Thighs: 28.5 in (720 mm)
  • Calves: 20 in (510 mm) [66]

Early roles

Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the title role in Hercules in New York (1970). Credited under the stage name "Arnold Strong", his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production. [28] His second film appearance was as a deaf-mute mob hitman in The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry (1976), for which he won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: "It was very difficult for me in the beginning – I was told by agents and casting people that my body was 'too weird', that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too long. You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance." [21]

Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron (1977), [4] [28] elements of which were dramatized. In 1991, he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography. [67] In 1977, he made guest appearances in single episodes of the ABC sitcom The San Pedro Beach Bums and the ABC police procedural The Streets of San Francisco. Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk, but did not win the role because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's alter ego. Schwarzenegger appeared with Kirk Douglas and Ann-Margret in the 1979 comedy The Villain. In 1980, he starred in a biographical film of the 1950s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield's husband, Mickey Hargitay.

Action superstar

Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in 1982, which was a box-office hit. [4] This was followed by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer, in 1984, although it was not as successful as its predecessor. [68] In 1983, Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video, Carnival in Rio. In 1984, he made his first appearance as the eponymous character, and what some would say was his acting career's signature role, in James Cameron's science fiction thriller film The Terminator. [4] [28] [69] Following this, Schwarzenegger made Red Sonja in 1985. [68] During the 1980s, audiences had an appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone becoming international stars. [28] The two rivals attacked each other in the press, and tried to surpass the other with more on-screen killings and larger weapons. [70] Schwarzenegger's roles reflected his sense of humor, separating him from more serious action hero films. He made a number of successful action films in the 1980s, such as Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), and Red Heat (1988).

Twins (1988), a comedy with Danny DeVito, also proved successful. Total Recall (1990) netted Schwarzenegger $10 million (equivalent to $19.8 million today) and 15% of the film's gross. A science fiction script, the film was based on the Philip K. Dick short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale". Kindergarten Cop (1990) reunited him with director Ivan Reitman, who directed him in Twins. Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt, entitled "The Switch", [71] and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in Connecticut. [72] He has not directed since.

Schwarzenegger's commercial peak was his return as the title character in 1991's Terminator 2: Judgment Day, which was the highest-grossing film of 1991. In 1993, the National Association of Theatre Owners named him the "International Star of the Decade". [10] His next film project, the 1993 self-aware action comedy spoof Last Action Hero, was released opposite Jurassic Park, and did not do well at the box office. His next film, the comedy drama True Lies (1994), was a popular spy film and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with James Cameron.

That same year, the comedy Junior was released, the last of Schwarzenegger's three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and again co-starring Danny DeVito. This film brought him his second Golden Globe nomination, this time for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. It was followed by the action thriller Eraser (1996), the Christmas comedy Jingle All The Way (1996), and the comic book-based Batman & Robin (1997), in which he played the villain Mr. Freeze. This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Following the critical failure of Batman & Robin, his film career and box office prominence went into decline. He returned with the supernatural thriller End of Days (1999), later followed by the action films The 6th Day (2000) and Collateral Damage (2002), both of which failed to do well at the box office. In 2003, he made his third appearance as the title character in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which went on to earn over $150 million domestically (equivalent to $211 million today). [73]

In tribute to Schwarzenegger in 2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a 25-meter-tall (80 ft) Terminator statue in a park in central Graz. Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics. [74]


His film appearances after becoming Governor of California included a three-second cameo appearance in The Rundown and the 2004 remake of Around the World in 80 Days. In 2005, he appeared as himself in the film The Kid & I. He voiced Baron von Steuben in the Liberty's Kids episode "Valley Forge". He had been rumored to be appearing in Terminator Salvation as the original T-800 he denied his involvement, [75] but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie. [76] [77] Schwarzenegger appeared in Sylvester Stallone's The Expendables, where he made a cameo appearance.

Return to acting

In January 2011, just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true story. [78] [79]

On March 6, 2011, at the Arnold Seminar of the Arnold Classic, Schwarzenegger revealed that he was being considered for several films, including sequels to The Terminator and remakes of Predator and The Running Man, and that he was "packaging" a comic book character. [80] The character was later revealed to be the Governator, star of the comic book and animated series of the same name. Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee, who would have produced the series. Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator. [81] [82] [83] [84]

On May 20, 2011, Schwarzenegger's entertainment counsel announced that all film projects currently in development were being halted: "Schwarzenegger is focusing on personal matters and is not willing to commit to any production schedules or timelines." [85] On July 11, 2011, it was announced that Schwarzenegger was considering a comeback film, despite legal problems related to his divorce. [86] He starred in The Expendables 2 (2012) as Trench Mauser, [87] and starred in The Last Stand (2013), his first leading role in 10 years, and Escape Plan (2013), his first co-starring role alongside Sylvester Stallone. He starred in Sabotage, released in March 2014, and returned as Trench Mauser in The Expendables 3, released in August 2014. He starred in the fifth Terminator film Terminator Genisys in 2015, [4] [28] [69] [88] and would reprise his role as Conan the Barbarian in The Legend of Conan, [89] [90] later renamed Conan the Conqueror. [91] However, in April 2017, producer Chris Morgan stated that Universal had dropped the project, although there was a possibility of a TV show. The story of the film was supposed to be set 30 years after the first, with some inspiration from Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven. [92]

In August 2016, his filming of action-comedy Why We're Killing Gunther was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near the filming location in Surrey, British Columbia. [93] He was announced to star and produce in a film about the ruins of Sanxingdui called The Guest of Sanxingdui as an ambassador. [94]

On February 6, 2018, Amazon Studios announced they were working with Schwarzenegger to develop a new series entitled Outrider in which he will star and executive produce. The western-drama set in the Oklahoma Indian Territory in the late 19th century will follow a deputy (portrayed by Schwarzenegger) who is tasked with apprehending a legendary outlaw in the wilderness, but is forced to partner with a ruthless Federal Marshal to make sure justice is properly served. The series will also mark as Schwarzenegger's first major scripted TV role. [95]

Schwarzenegger returned to the Terminator franchise with Terminator: Dark Fate, which was released on November 1, 2019. It was produced by the series' co-creator James Cameron, who directed him previously in the first two films in the series and in True Lies. [96] [97] It was shot in Almería, Hungary and the US. [98]

The Celebrity Apprentice

In September 2015, the media announced that Schwarzenegger was to replace Donald Trump as host of The New Celebrity Apprentice. [99] This show, the 15th season of The Apprentice, aired during the 2016–2017 TV season. In the show, he used the phrases "you're terminated" and "get to the choppa", which are quotes from some of his famous roles (The Terminator and Predator, respectively), when firing the contestants. [100] [101]

In March 2017, following repeated criticisms from Trump, Schwarzenegger announced that he would not return for another season on the show. He also reacted to Trump's remarks in January 2017 via Instagram: "Hey, Donald, I have a great idea. Why don't we switch jobs? You take over TV because you're such an expert in ratings, and I take over your job, and then people can finally sleep comfortably again." [102]


  • Hercules in New York (1970)
  • Pumping Iron (1977)
  • The Comeback (1980)
  • Conan the Barbarian (1982)
  • Conan the Destroyer (1984)
  • The Terminator (1984)
  • Commando (1985)
  • Raw Deal (1986)
  • Predator (1987)
  • Twins (1988)
  • Total Recall (1990)
  • Kindergarten Cop (1990)
  • Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)
  • Last Action Hero (1993)
  • True Lies (1994)
  • Eraser (1996)
  • Jingle All the Way (1996)
  • Batman & Robin (1997)
  • End of Days (1999)
  • The 6th Day (2000)
  • Collateral Damage (2002)
  • Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003)
  • The Expendables (2010)
  • The Expendables 2 (2012)
  • The Last Stand (2013)
  • Escape Plan (2013)
  • The Expendables 3 (2014)
  • Sabotage (2014)
  • Maggie (2015)
  • Terminator Genisys (2015)
  • Aftermath (2017)
  • Terminator: Dark Fate (2019)

Early politics

Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years. When he was an actor, his political views were always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and Democratic-leaning community. At the 2004 Republican National Convention, Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained he was a Republican because the Democrats of the 1960s sounded too much like Austrian socialists. [103]

I finally arrived here in 1968. What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full of dreams, full of determination, full of desire. The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon–Humphrey presidential race on TV. A friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left. But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military. Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I said, "What party is he?" My friend said, "He's a Republican." I said, "Then I am a Republican." And I have been a Republican ever since.

In 1985, Schwarzenegger appeared in "Stop the Madness", an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration. He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the 1988 presidential election, accompanying then–Vice President George H. W. Bush at a campaign rally. [104]

Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993. [10] He was nominated by the now-President Bush, who dubbed him "Conan the Republican". He later served as chairman for the California Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson.

Between 1993 and 1994, Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross ambassador (a ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities), recording several television and radio public service announcements to donate blood.

In an interview with Talk magazine in late 1999, Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there because I feel it inside." The Hollywood Reporter claimed shortly after that Schwarzenegger sought to end speculation that he might run for governor of California. Following his initial comments, Schwarzenegger said, "I'm in show business – I am in the middle of my career. Why would I go away from that and jump into something else?" [105]

Governor of California

Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the 2003 California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, 2003 episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. [28] Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians. His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and "The Running Man" (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall election "Total Recall" (yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger). Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003. [106]

On October 7, 2003, the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with 55.4% of the Yes vote in favor of a recall. Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with 48.6% of the vote to choose a successor to Davis. Schwarzenegger defeated Democrat Cruz Bustamante, fellow Republican Tom McClintock, and others. His nearest rival, Bustamante, received 31% of the vote. In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1.3 million votes. Under the regulations of the California Constitution, no runoff election was required. Schwarzenegger was the second foreign-born governor of California after Irish-born Governor John G. Downey in 1862.

Schwarzenegger is a moderate Republican. [107] He says he is fiscally conservative and socially liberal. [108] On the issue of abortion, he describes himself as pro-choice, but supports parental notification for minors and a ban on partial-birth abortion. [109] He has supported gay rights, such as domestic partnerships, and he performed a same-sex marriage as Governor. [110] However, Schwarzenegger vetoed bills that would have legalized same-sex marriage in California in 2005 and 2007. [111] [112] He additionally vetoed two bills that would have implemented a single-payer health care system in California in 2006 [113] [114] and 2008, [115] respectively.

Schwarzenegger was entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up political gridlock. Building on a catchphrase from the sketch "Hans and Franz" from Saturday Night Live (which partly parodied his bodybuilding career), Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians "girlie men". [116]

Schwarzenegger's early victories included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver's licenses from being given out to illegal immigrants, but later he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives. Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November 2005, in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California. He would later comment that "no one could win if the opposition raised 160 million dollars to defeat you". The U.S. Supreme Court later found the public employee unions' use of compulsory fundraising during the campaign had been illegal in Knox v. Service Employees International Union, Local 1000. [117]

Schwarzenegger, against the advice of fellow Republican strategists, appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff. He gradually moved towards a more politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election.

Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides, the California State Treasurer, in the 2006 elections, held on November 7, 2006. Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with 56.0% of the vote compared with 38.9% for Angelides, a margin of well over 1 million votes. [118] Around this time, many commentators saw Schwarzenegger as moving away from the right and towards the center of the political spectrum. After hearing a speech by Schwarzenegger at the 2006 Martin Luther King Jr. Day breakfast, in which Schwarzenegger said, in part "How wrong I was when I said everyone has an equal opportunity to make it in America [. ] the state of California does not provide (equal) education for all of our children", San Francisco mayor & future governor of California Gavin Newsom said that "[H]e's becoming a Democrat [. H]e's running back, not even to the center. I would say center-left". [119]

Some speculated that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in 2010, as his governorship would be term-limited by that time. Such rumors turned out to be false. [120] [121]

Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as the means to escape a depressing home. [19] Leigh portrays Schwarzenegger as obsessed with power and quotes him as saying, "I wanted to be part of the small percentage of people who were leaders, not the large mass of followers. I think it is because I saw leaders use 100% of their potential – I was always fascinated by people in control of other people." [19] Schwarzenegger has said that it was never his intention to enter politics, but he says, "I married into a political family. You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver became my heroes." [40] Eunice Kennedy Shriver was the sister of John F. Kennedy, and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger Sargent Shriver is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger.

Schwarzenegger cannot run for U.S. president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States. Schwarzenegger is a dual Austrian and United States citizen. [122] He has held Austrian citizenship since birth and U.S. citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983. Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU. [123]

Because of his personal wealth from his acting career, Schwarzenegger did not accept his governor's salary of $175,000 per year. [124]

Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the Republican primary of the 2008 U.S. presidential election was highly sought despite being good friends with candidates Rudy Giuliani and Senator John McCain, Schwarzenegger remained neutral throughout 2007 and early 2008. Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race on January 30, 2008, largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. Later that night, Schwarzenegger was in the audience at a Republican debate at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in California. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's Rudy's fault!" (in reference to his friendships with both candidates and that he could not make up his mind). Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain's campaign both spoke about their concerns for the environment and economy. [125]

In its April 2010 report, Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 "worst governors" in the United States because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger's term as governor. [126] [127]

Governor Schwarzenegger played a significant role in opposing Proposition 66, a proposed amendment of the Californian Three Strikes Law, in November 2004. This amendment would have required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a 25-years-to-life sentence. In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger launched an intensive campaign [128] against Proposition 66. [129] He stated that "it would release 26,000 dangerous criminals and rapists". [130]

Although he began his tenure as governor with record high approval ratings (as high as 65% in May 2004), [131] he left office with a record low 23%, [132] only one percent higher than that of Gray Davis, when he was recalled in October 2003.

Death of Louis Santos

In May 2010, Esteban Núñez pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 16 years in prison for the death of Louis Santos. Núñez is the son of Fabian Núñez, then California Assembly Speaker of the House and a close friend and staunch political ally of then governor Schwarzenegger. [133] [134] [135] [136]

As a personal favor to "a friend", just hours before he left office, and as one of his last official acts, Schwarzenegger commuted Núñez's sentence by more than half, to seven years. [135] [137] [138] Against protocol, Schwarzenegger did not inform Santos' family or the San Diego County prosecutors about the commutation. They learned about it in a call from a reporter. [138]

The Santos family, along with the San Diego district attorney, sued to stop the commutation, claiming that it violated Marsy's Law. In September 2012, Sacramento County superior court judge Lloyd Connelly stated, "Based on the evidentiary records before this court involving this case, there was an abuse of discretion. This was a distasteful commutation. It was repugnant to the bulk of the citizenry of this state." However, Connelly ruled that Schwarzenegger remained within his executive powers as governor. [133] Subsequently, as a direct result of the way the commutation was handled, Governor Jerry Brown signed a bipartisan bill that allows offenders' victims and their families to be notified at least 10 days before any commutations. [139] Núñez was released from prison after serving less than six years. [140]

Drug use and allegations of sexual misconduct

During his initial campaign for governor in 2003, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger. [141] Within the last five days before the election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles Times recounting decades old allegations of sexual misconduct from six individual women. [142] [141] Schwarzenegger responded to the allegations in 2004 admitting that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of [what] you see in the stories is not true". [143] One of the women who came forward was British television personality Anna Richardson, who settled a libel lawsuit in August 2006 against Schwarzenegger his top aide, Sean Walsh and his publicist, Sheryl Main. [144] A joint statement read: "The parties are content to put this matter behind them and are pleased that this legal dispute has now been settled." [144] [145]

During this time a 1977 interview in adult magazine Oui gained attention, in which Schwarzenegger discussed using substances such as marijuana. [146] Schwarzenegger is shown smoking a marijuana joint after winning Mr. Olympia in 1975 in the documentary film Pumping Iron (1977). In an interview with GQ magazine in October 2007, Schwarzenegger said, "[Marijuana] is not a drug. It's a leaf. My drug was pumping iron, trust me." [147] His spokesperson later said the comment was meant to be a joke. [147]


Schwarzenegger became a naturalized U.S. citizen on September 17, 1983. [148] Shortly before he gained his citizenship, he asked the Austrian authorities for the right to keep his Austrian citizenship, as Austria does not usually allow dual citizenship. His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship. [149] In 2005, Peter Pilz, a member of the Austrian Parliament from the Austrian Green Party, unsuccessfully advocated for Parliament to revoke Schwarzenegger's Austrian citizenship due to his decision not to prevent the executions of Donald Beardslee and Stanley Williams. Pilz argued that Schwarzenegger caused damage to Austria's reputation in the international community because Austria abolished the death penalty in 1968. Pilz based his argument on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act, which states: "A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall be deprived of his citizenship if he heavily damages the reputation or the interests of the Austrian Republic." [122] Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger's actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria under Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights) had damaged Austria's reputation. Schwarzenegger explained his actions by pointing out that his only duty as Governor of California with respect to the death penalty was to correct an error by the justice system by pardon or clemency if such an error had occurred.

Environmental record

On September 27, 2006, Schwarzenegger signed the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, creating the nation's first cap on greenhouse gas emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state's greenhouse gas emission standards. The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California's emissions by 25 percent to 1990s levels by 2020. In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. [150]

Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, 2006, allowing California to work with the Northeast's Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference. The plan took effect in 2009. [151] In addition to using his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his home to reduce his personal carbon footprint. Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels. He has also installed solar panels to heat his home. [152]

In respect for his contribution to the direction of the US motor industry, Schwarzenegger was invited to open the 2009 SAE World Congress in Detroit on April 20, 2009. [153]

In 2011, Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action to develop a sustainable, low-carbon economy. [154] In 2017, he joined French President Emmanuel Macron in calling for the adoption of a Global Pact for the Environment. [155]

Electoral history

California gubernatorial recall election, 2003
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,206,284 48.6
Democratic Cruz Bustamante 2,724,874 31.5
Republican Tom McClintock 1,161,287 13.5
Green Peter Miguel Camejo 242,247 2.8
California gubernatorial election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger (incumbent) 4,850,157 55.9
Democratic Phil Angelides 3,376,732 38.9
Green Peter Camejo 205,995 2.4
Libertarian Art Olivier 114,329 1.3

Presidential ambitions

The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment in 2003 was widely accredited as the "Amend for Arnold" bill, which would have added an amendment to the U.S. Constitution allowing his run, as he was not a natural born citizen. In 2004, the "Amend for Arnold" campaign was launched, featuring a website and TV advertising promotion. [156] [157]

In June 2007, Schwarzenegger was featured on the cover of Time magazine with Michael Bloomberg, and subsequently, the two joked about a presidential ticket together. [158] [159]

In October 2013, the New York Post reported that Schwarzenegger was exploring a future run for president. The former California governor would have faced a constitutional hurdle Article II, Section I, Clause V prevents individuals who are not natural-born citizens of the United States from assuming the office. At the time he had reportedly been lobbying legislators about a possible constitutional change, or filing a legal challenge to the provision. Columbia University law professor Michael Dorf observed that Schwarzenegger's possible lawsuit could ultimately win him the right to run for the office, noting, "The law is very clear, but it's not 100 percent clear that the courts would enforce that law rather than leave it to the political process." [160]

Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career. [19] [40] Following his move to the United States, Schwarzenegger became a "prolific goal setter" and would write his objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order business or buying a new car – and succeed in doing so. [34] By the age of 30, Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood. His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and investments.

Bricklaying business

In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake. [161] [162] Schwarzenegger and Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail-order business, selling bodybuilding and fitness-related equipment and instructional tapes. [10] [161]


Schwarzenegger transferred profits from the mail-order business and his bodybuilding-competition winnings into his first real estate investment venture: an apartment building he purchased for $10,000. He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies. [163] [164]

Stallone and Schwarzenegger ended their longtime rivalry by both investing in the Planet Hollywood [70] chain of international theme restaurants (modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe) along with Bruce Willis and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early 2000. [165] [166] Schwarzenegger said the company did not have the success he had hoped for, claiming he wanted to focus his attention on "new US global business ventures" and his movie career. [165]

He also invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio. He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: "I couldn't have learned about business without a parade of teachers guiding me. from Milton Friedman to Donald Trump. and now, Les Wexner and Warren Buffett. I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out! And I did!" [30] He has significant ownership in Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm. [167] Schwarzenegger is also the owner of Arnold's Sports Festival, which he started in 1989 and is held annually in Columbus, Ohio. It is a festival that hosts thousands of international health and fitness professionals which has also expanded into a three-day expo. He also owns a movie production company called Oak Productions, Inc. and Fitness Publications, a joint publishing venture with Simon & Schuster. [168]

In 2018, Schwarzenegger partnered with LeBron James to found Ladder, a company that developed nutritional supplements to help athletes with severe cramps. The duo sold Ladder to Openfit for an undisclosed amount in 2020 after reporting more than $4 million in sales for that year. [169]


In 1992, Schwarzenegger and his wife opened a restaurant in Santa Monica called Schatzi On Main. Schatzi literally means "little treasure," and colloquially "honey" or "darling" in German. In 1998, he sold his restaurant. [170]


Schwarzenegger's net worth had been conservatively estimated at $100 million to $200 million. [171] After separating from his wife, Maria Shriver, in 2011, it was estimated that his net worth had been approximately $400 million, and even as high as $800 million, based on tax returns he filed in 2006. [172] Over the years, he invested his bodybuilding and film earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings worldwide, making his net worth as an accurate estimation difficult to calculate, particularly in light of declining real estate values owing to economic recessions in the U.S. and Europe since the late 2000s. In June 1997, he spent $38 million of his own money on a private Gulfstream jet. [173] He once quipped, "Money doesn't make you happy. I now have $50 million, but I was just as happy when I had $48 million." [19]

Commercial advertisements

He appears in a series of commercials for the Machine Zone game Mobile Strike as a military commander and spokesman. [174]

Early relationships

In 1969, Schwarzenegger met Barbara Outland (later Barbara Outland Baker), an English teacher with whom he lived until 1974. [175] Schwarzenegger said of Baker in his 1977 memoir, "Basically it came down to this: she was a well-balanced woman who wanted an ordinary, solid life, and I was not a well-balanced man, and hated the very idea of ordinary life." [175] Baker has described Schwarzenegger as a "joyful personality, totally charismatic, adventurous, and athletic" but claims that towards the end of the relationship he became "insufferable—classically conceited—the world revolved around him". [176] Baker published her memoir in 2006, entitled Arnold and Me: In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak. [177] Although Baker painted an unflattering portrait of her former lover at times, Schwarzenegger actually contributed to the tell-all book with a foreword, and also met with Baker for three hours. [177]

Baker claims that she only learned of his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate love life. [177] Schwarzenegger has made it clear that their respective recollection of events can differ. [177] The couple first met six to eight months after his arrival in the U.S. Their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television. [34] They shared an apartment in Santa Monica, California for three and a half years, and having little money, they would visit the beach all day or have barbecues in the back yard. [34] Although Baker claims that when she first met Schwarzenegger, he had "little understanding of polite society" and she found him a turn-off, she says, "He's as much a self-made man as it's possible to be—he never got encouragement from his parents, his family, his brother. He just had this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive . I'll go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me." [34]

Schwarzenegger met his next lover, Beverly Hills hairdresser's assistant Sue Moray, on Venice Beach in July 1977. According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: "We were faithful when we were both in LA. but when he was out of town, we were free to do whatever we wanted." [25] Schwarzenegger met television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of President John F. Kennedy, at the Robert F. Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August 1977. He went on to have a relationship with both Moray and Shriver until August 1978 when Moray (who knew of his relationship with Shriver) issued an ultimatum. [25]

Marriage and family

On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger married Shriver in Hyannis, Massachusetts. The Rev. John Baptist Riordan performed the ceremony at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church. [178] They have four children: Katherine Eunice Schwarzenegger (born December 13, 1989), Christina Maria Aurelia Schwarzenegger (born July 23, 1991), [179] Patrick Arnold Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 18, 1993), [180] and Christopher Sargent Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 27, 1997). [181] All of their children were born in Los Angeles. [182] The family lived in an 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m 2 ) home in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, [183] [184] with vacation homes in Sun Valley, Idaho, and Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. [185] They attended St. Monica's Catholic Church. [186]


On May 9, 2011, Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage with Shriver moving out of their Brentwood mansion. [187] [188] [189] On May 16, 2011, the Los Angeles Times revealed that Schwarzenegger had fathered a son more than 14 years earlier with an employee in their household, Mildred Patricia "Patty" Baena. [190] [191] [192] "After leaving the governor's office I told my wife about this event, which occurred over a decade ago," Schwarzenegger said issued to The Times. In the statement, Schwarzenegger did not mention that he had confessed to his wife only after she had confronted him with the information, which she had done after confirming with the housekeeper what she had suspected about the child. [193]

Baena is of Guatemalan origin. She was employed by the family for 20 years and retired in January 2011. [194] The pregnant Baena was working in the home while Shriver was pregnant with the youngest of the couple's four children. [195] Baena's son with Schwarzenegger, Joseph, [196] was born on October 2, 1997, [197] and Shriver gave birth to Christopher a few days before on September 27, 1997. [198] Schwarzenegger says it took seven or eight years before he found out that he had fathered a child with his housekeeper. It was not until the boy "started looking like [him] . that [he] put things together". [199] Schwarzenegger has taken financial responsibility for the child "from the start and continued to provide support". [200] KNX 1070 radio reported that in 2010 he bought a new four-bedroom house with a pool for Baena and their son in Bakersfield, California. [201] Baena separated from her husband, Rogelio, a few months after Joseph's birth. She filed for divorce in 2008. [202] Rogelio said that the child's birth certificate was falsified and that he planned to sue Schwarzenegger for engaging in conspiracy to falsify a public document, a serious crime in California. [203]

Pursuant to the divorce judgment, Schwarzenegger kept the Brentwood home, while Shriver purchased a new home nearby so that the children could travel between their parents' homes. They shared custody of the two youngest children. [204] Schwarzenegger came under fire after the initial petition did not include spousal support and a reimbursement of attorney's fees. [89] However, he claims this was not intentional and that he signed the initial documents without having properly read them. [89] He filed amended divorce papers remedying this. [89] [205] Schwarzenegger and Shriver finalized their divorce in 2017, six years after separating. [206]

After the scandal, Danish-Italian actress Brigitte Nielsen came forward and stated that she too had an affair with Schwarzenegger during the production of Red Sonja, while he had just started his relationship with Shriver, [207] saying, "Maybe I wouldn't have got into it if he said 'I'm going to marry Maria' and this is deadly serious, but he didn't, and our affair carried on." [207] When asked in January 2014, "Of all the things you are famous for . which are you least proud of?" Schwarzenegger replied, "I'm least proud of the mistakes I made that caused my family pain and split us up." [208] In July 2020, it was revealed Schwarzenegger confirmed the affair in several reports. [209] [210] [211]

As of July 2015 [update] , Schwarzenegger was dating physical therapist Heather Milligan, 27 years his junior. [212]

Accidents, injuries, and other health problems

Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve, an aortic valve with only two leaflets (a normal aortic valve has three leaflets). [213] [214] He opted in 1997 for a replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue (from his pulmonic valve, which itself is replaced with a cadaveric pulmonic valve, in a Ross procedure) medical experts predicted he would require heart valve replacement surgery in the following two to eight years as his valve would progressively degrade. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise. [215]

On March 29, 2018, Schwarzenegger underwent emergency open-heart surgery for replacement of his replacement pulmonic valve. [216] He said about his recovery: "I underwent open-heart surgery this spring, I had to use a walker. I had to do breathing exercises five times a day to retrain my lungs. I was frustrated and angry, and in my worst moments, I couldn't see the way back to my old self." [217]

On December 9, 2001, he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles. [218]

Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man's life in 2004 while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore. [219]

On January 8, 2006, while Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed. While his son and the other driver were unharmed, Schwarzenegger sustained a minor injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches. "No citations were issued," said Officer Jason Lee, a Los Angeles Police Department spokesman. [220] Schwarzenegger did not obtain his motorcycle license until July 3, 2006. [221]

Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho, with his family on December 23, 2006. [222] On December 26, he underwent a 90-minute operation in which cables and screws were used to wire the broken bone back together. He was released from St. John's Health Center on December 30, 2006. [223]

Schwarzenegger's private jet made an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, 2009, after the pilot reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by his press secretary. No one was harmed in the incident. [224]

On May 18, 2019, while on a visit to South Africa, Schwarzenegger was attacked and drop-kicked from behind by an unknown malefactor while giving autographs to his fans at one of the local schools. Despite the surprise and unprovoked nature of the attack, he reportedly suffered no injuries and continued to interact with fans. The attacker was apprehended and Schwarzenegger declined to press charges against him. [225] [226] [227]


Schwarzenegger's official height of 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) has been brought into question by several articles. In his bodybuilding days in the late 1960s, he was measured to be 6 ft 1.5 in (1.867 m), a height confirmed by his fellow bodybuilders. [ citation needed ] However, in 1988, both the Daily Mail and Time Out magazine mentioned that Schwarzenegger appeared noticeably shorter. [228] Prior to running for governor, Schwarzenegger's height was once again questioned in an article by the Chicago Reader. [229] As governor, Schwarzenegger engaged in a light-hearted exchange with Assemblyman Herb Wesson over their heights. At one point, Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words, "settle this once and for all and find out how tall he is" by using a tailor's tape measure on the Governor. [230] Schwarzenegger retaliated by placing a pillow stitched with the words "Need a lift?" on the five-foot-five-inch (1.65 m) Wesson's chair before a negotiating session in his office. [231] Bob Mulholland also claimed Schwarzenegger was 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m) and that he wore risers in his boots. [232] In 1999, Men's Health magazine stated his height was 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m). [233]


Schwarzenegger's autobiography, Total Recall, was released in October 2012. He devotes one chapter called "The Secret" to his extramarital affair. The majority of his book is about his successes in the three major chapters in his life: bodybuilder, actor, and Governor of California. [234]


Growing up during the Allied occupation of Austria, Schwarzenegger commonly saw heavy military vehicles such as tanks as a child. [235] As a result, he paid $20,000 to bring his Austrian Army M47 Patton tank (331) to the United States, [236] which he previously operated during his mandatory service in 1965. However, he later obtained his vehicle in 1991/2, [237] during his tenure as the Chairmen of the President's Council on Sports, Fitness, and Nutrition, [238] and now uses it to support his charity. [237] His first car ever was an Opel Kadett in 1969 after serving in the Austrian army, then he rode a Harley-Davidson Fat Boy in 1991. [239]

Moreover, he came to develop an interest in large vehicles and became the first civilian in the U.S. to purchase a Humvee. He was so enamored by the vehicle that he lobbied the Humvee's manufacturer, AM General, to produce a street-legal, civilian version, which they did in 1992 the first two Hummer H1s they sold were also purchased by Schwarzenegger. In 2010, he had one regular and three running on non-fossil power sources one for hydrogen, one for vegetable oil, and one for biodiesel. [240] Schwarzenegger was in the news in 2014 for buying a rare Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport Vitesse. He was spotted and filmed in 2015 in his car, painted silver with bright aluminum forged wheels. His Bugatti has its interior adorned in dark brown leather. [241] In 2017, Schwarzenegger acquired a Mercedes G-Class modified for all-electric drive. [242]

The Hummers that Schwarzenegger bought in 1992 are so large—each weighs 6,300 lb (2,900 kg) and is 7 feet (2.1 m) wide—that they are classified as large trucks, and U.S. fuel economy regulations do not apply to them. During the gubernatorial recall campaign, he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. The conversion was reported to have cost about $21,000. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the California Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.S. Department of Energy grant to help pay for its projected US$91,000,000 cost. [243] California took delivery of the first H2H (Hydrogen Hummer) in October 2004. [244]

Schwarzenegger has been involved with the Special Olympics for many years after they were founded by his ex-mother-in-law Eunice Kennedy Shriver. [245] In 2007, Schwarzenegger was the official spokesperson for the Special Olympics held in Shanghai, China. [246] Schwarzenegger believes that quality school opportunities should be made available to children who might not normally be able to access them. [247] In 1995, he founded the Inner City Games Foundation (ICG) which provides cultural, educational and community enrichment programming to youth. ICG is active in 15 cities around the country and serves over 250,000 children in over 400 schools countrywide. [247] He has also been involved with After-School All-Stars and founded the Los Angeles branch in 2002. [248] ASAS is an after school program provider, educating youth about health, fitness and nutrition.

On February 12, 2010, Schwarzenegger took part in the Vancouver Olympic Torch relay. He handed off the flame to the next runner, Sebastian Coe. [249]

Schwarzenegger had a collection of Marxist busts, which he requested from Russian friends at the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, as they were being destroyed. In 2011, he revealed that his wife had requested their removal, but he kept the one of Vladimir Lenin present, since "he was the first". [250] In 2015, he said he kept the Lenin bust to "show losers". [251]

Schwarzenegger is a supporter of Israel, and has participated in a Los Angeles pro-Israel rally [252] among other similar events. [253] In 2004, Schwarzenegger visited Israel to break ground on Simon Wiesenthal Center's Museum of Tolerance Jerusalem, and to lay a wreath at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial, he also met with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and President Moshe Katsav. [254] [255] In 2011, at the Independence Day celebration hosted by Israeli Consulate General in Los Angeles, Schwarzenegger said: "I love Israel. When I became governor, Israel was the first country that I visited. When I had the chance to sign a bill calling on California pension funds to divest their money from companies that do business with Iran, I immediately signed that bill", then he added, "I knew that we could not send money to these crazy dictators who hate us and threaten Israel any time they have a bad day." [253]

Schwarzenegger supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq. [256] Schwarzenegger also expressed support for the 2011 military intervention in Libya. [257] Schwarzenegger released a video message supporting protests against Ukraine's pro-Russian President Victor Yanukovych. [258]

Schwarzenegger, who played football as a boy, grew up watching Bayern Munich and Sturm Graz. [259] He also expressed his admiration of Jürgen Klopp's Liverpool in October 2019. [259]

Schwarzenegger inspired many actors to become action heroes, including Dwayne Johnson, [260] [261] Matt McColm, [262] Christian Boeving, [263] Vidyut Jamwal, [264] and Daniel Greene. [263] Boeving's character in the 2003 action film When Eagles Strike was based on Schwarzenegger's image from the late 1980s: mostly on Major "Dutch" Schaefer from Predator (1987) and Colonel John Matrix from Commando (1985). [265]

Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy

In 2012, Schwarzenegger helped to found the Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy, which is a part of the USC Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California. [266] The institute's mission is to "[advance] post-partisanship, where leaders put people over political parties and work together to find the best ideas and solutions to benefit the people they serve" and to "seek to influence public policy and public debate in finding solutions to the serious challenges we face". [267] Schwarzenegger serves as chairman of the institute. [268]

Global warming

At a 2015 security conference, Schwarzenegger called climate change the issue of our time. [269] He also urged politicians to stop treating climate change as a political issue. [270]

2016 presidential election

For the 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries, Schwarzenegger endorsed fellow Republican John Kasich. [271] However, he announced in October that he would not vote for the Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump in that year's United States presidential election, with this being the first time he did not vote for the Republican candidate since becoming a citizen in 1983. [272] [273] [274]


In recent years, Schwarzenegger has been advocating for eating less meat, [275] and he is an executive producer alongside James Cameron et al. behind the documentary The Game Changers, [276] that documents the explosive rise of plant-based eating in professional sports, in which he is also featured.

In 2017, Schwarzenegger condemned white supremacists who were seen carrying Nazi and Confederate flags by calling their heroes "losers". [277]

In 2019, while at the "Arnold Classic Africa" sports competition as an official, Schwarzenegger was attacked by an assailant in a flying kick. The assailant was arrested. [278]

Following the January 6 2021 storming of the United States Capitol by supporters of President Donald Trump, Schwarzenegger posted a video address on social media in which he likened the insurrection to Nazi Germany's Kristallnacht, which he described as "a night of rampage against the Jews carried out [by] the Nazi equivalent of the Proud Boys". He spoke of his father's alcoholism, domestic violence and abuse, and how it was typical of other former Nazis and collaborators in the post-war era, and described Trump as "a failed leader. He will go down in history as the worst president ever." [24] [279]

In late March 2021, Schwarzenegger was interviewed by Politico about the upcoming recall election in California in which he said that "it's pretty much the same atmosphere today as it was then", [280] and when he was asked about Newsom's claim of this being a "Republican recall" he responded that "this recall effort is sparked by ordinary folks, and that this isn't a power grab by Republicans." [281] [282]

Arnold Schwarzenegger

ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER is known all over the globe for his many accomplishments: world champion bodybuilder, Hollywood action hero, successful businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist, best-selling author, and California's 38th Governor.

This world-famous athlete and actor was born in Thal, Austria in 1947, and by the age of 20 was dominating the sport of competitive bodybuilding, becoming the youngest person ever to win the Mr. Universe title. By generating a new international audience for bodybuilding, Schwarzenegger turned himself into a sports icon. With his sights set on Hollywood, he emigrated to America in 1968, and went on to win five Mr. Universe titles and seven Mr. Olympia titles before retiring to dedicate himself to acting. Later, he would go on to earn a college degree from the University of Wisconsin and proudly became a U.S. citizen.

Schwarzenegger, who worked under the pseudonym Arnold Strong in his first feature, HERCULES in New York, quickly made a name for himself in Hollywood. In 1977, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association recognized him with a Golden Globe® for New Male Star of the Year for his role in STAY HUNGRY opposite Sally Field. His big break came in 1982 when the sword and sorcery epic, CONAN THE BARBARIAN, hit box office gold. In 1984, Schwarzenegger blew up the screen and catapulted himself into cinema history as the title character in James Cameron’s sci-fi thriller, TERMINATOR. He is the only actor to be in both categories of the American Film Institute’s Hundred Years of Heroes and Villains for roles he played in the film. To date his films have grossed over $3 billion worldwide.

In 2003, Schwarzenegger became the 38th Governor of the State of California in a historic recall election, and as governor ushered in an era of innovative leadership and extraordinary public service. Schwarzenegger's most notable accomplishments while governor include the nation-leading Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 - a bipartisan agreement to combat global warming by reducing California's greenhouse gas emissions - and overhauling the state's workers' compensation system - cutting costs by more than 35 percent. In addition, Schwarzenegger was the first governor in decades to make major investments in improving California's aging infrastructure through his Strategic Growth Plan, helping to reduce congestion and clean the air. He established the Hydrogen Highway and Million Solar Roofs Plan, continuing his leadership in creating a greener environment. In November 2009, more than three years of leadership by Governor Schwarzenegger culminated with the passage of the Safe, Clean and Reliable Drinking Water Supply Act of 2010.

As governor, he was California's most effective marketing tool, traveling across the country and around the world promoting California-grown products, cutting-edge technologies and the state's diverse travel destinations. In addition, using his background as an internationally recognized athlete, Schwarzenegger made restoring health and fitness a top priority. He signed legislation making the state's school nutrition standards the most progressive in the nation and continues to promote healthy habits by taking harmful trans fats out of California restaurants and ensuring nutritional information is available to diners. To improve classrooms across the state and ensure that all California’s students have access to the world-class education they need to grow, thrive and succeed, Schwarzenegger led the reform to make California competitive for up to $700 million in federal Race to the Top funds.

In recognition of these efforts, Schwarzenegger has been rewarded for his great leadership and vision many times over in many arenas, including the Simon Wiesenthal Center's "National Leadership Award" and the American Council On Renewable Energy’s “Renewable Energy Leader of the Decade.”

But it is Schwarzenegger’s commitment to giving something back to his state and to his country through public service that gives him the most satisfaction donating his time, energy, and personal finances to serving others all over the world. Schwarzenegger acts as Chairman of the After School All-Stars, a nationwide after-school program, and serves as coach and international torch bearer for Special Olympics. He also served as Chairman of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under George H. W. Bush and as Chair of the California Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson.

Since leaving office, Schwarzenegger co-founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action, a global non-profit dedicated to helping subnational governments develop, implement, and communicate the importance of low-carbon and climate resilient projects as well as their economic benefits. In December 2012, he was recognized as a 2012 Global Advocate by the United Nations Correspondents Association for his work with the organization.

In August 2012, the University of Southern California Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy launched to provide students an opportunity to focus on the responsibility of leaders to transcend partisanship in order to implement policies that most benefit the people they serve. Its five priority areas of focus are education, energy and environment, fiscal and economic policy, health and human wellness, and political reform.

His political reform campaign has grown exponentially since he left the Governor’s office to litigation and lobbying around the country to help end gerrymandering once and for all.

In 2014, Schwarzenegger combined his love of global issues and entertainment to serve as executive producer and correspondent on Showtime’s Emmy winning climate change docu-series, YEARS OF LIVING DANGEROUSLY.

Most recently he appeared in KILLING GUNTHER (2017), directed by SNL alum Taran Killam. This year, he will be reprising his iconic role as The Terminator in a new installment in the franchise.

Today in History: October 7

In the last great clash of galleys, the Ottoman navy is defeated at Lepanto, Greece, by a Christian naval coalition under the overall command of Spain's Don Juan de Austria.

Delegates from nine of the American colonies meet in New York to discuss the Stamp Act Crisis and colonial response to it.

Edgar Allan Poe, aged 40, dies a tragic death in Baltimore. Never able to overcome his drinking habits, he was found in a delirious condition outside a saloon that was used as a voting place.

French Minister of the Interior Leon Gambetta escapes besieged Paris by balloon, reaching the French provisional government in Tours.

In attempting to find ways to lower the cost of the automobile and make it more affordable to ordinary Americans, Henry Ford took note of the work of efficiency experts like Frederick Taylor, the "father of scientific management." The result was the assembly line that reduced the time it took to manufacture a car, from 12 hours to 93 minutes.

Iva Toguri D'Aquino, better known as Tokyo Rose, is sentenced to 10 years in prison for treason.

East Germany, the German Democratic Republic, is formed.

A fire in the Windscale plutonium production reactor (later called Sellafield) north of Liverpool, England, spreads radioactive iodine and polonium through the countryside and into the Irish Sea. Livestock in the immediate area were destroyed, along with 500,000 gallons of milk. At least 30, and possibly as many as 1,000, cancer deaths were subsequently linked to the accident.

Hua Guofeng, premier of the People's Republic of China, succeeds the late Mao Zedong as chairman of the Communist Party of China.

Four Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) hijackers seize the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro and demand the release of 50 Palestinians held by Israel.

The Great Flood of 1993 on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers ends, the worst US flood since 1927.

Davis concedes, Schwarzenegger wins

(CNN) -- Capping an 11-week campaign bizarre even by Hollywood standards, California voters turned to action movie hero and political novice Arnold Schwarzenegger to come to the rescue as the state's next governor.

Voters ousted incumbent Gov. Gray Davis on Tuesday and selected Schwarzenegger over 134 other candidates on the ballot.

"The Tonight Show" host Jay Leno introduced the actor-turned-politician as "the governor of the great state of California," as Schwarzenegger prepared to become chief executive of the nation's most-populous state and the world's fifth-largest economy.

The governor-elect announced his candidacy at a taping of Leno's show in early August.

"Today California has given me the greatest gift of all: You've given me your trust by voting for me," Schwarzenegger said at 10:40 p.m. (1:40 a.m. EDT). "I will do everything I can to live up to that trust. I will not fail you." (Schwarzenegger speech)

About an hour earlier, Davis, the state's wildly unpopular governor, had called Schwarzenegger to congratulate him.

"We've had a lot of good nights over the last 20 years, but tonight the people did decide that it's time for someone else to serve, and I accept their judgment," Davis said. (Full story Speech)

Despite recent reports that Schwarzenegger, 56, allegedly groped and sexually harassed at least 15 women, CNN exit polls showed that about 47 percent of female voters backed him. Men voted heavily for Schwarzenegger, according to those exit polls. (Full story)

A whopping 72 percent of those who voted Tuesday said they disapproved of Davis' job performance, according to the exit polls, with only 27 percent giving the incumbent a positive approval rating.

Davis, 60, re-elected to a second term less than a year ago, becomes the first governor to be recalled from office since 1921, when North Dakota voters ousted Gov. Lynn Frazier.

"I am calling on everyone in this state to put the chaos and the division of the recall behind us and do what's right for this great state of California," Davis said.

Schwarzenegger, an Austrian-born bodybuilder who has never before held public office, defeated 134 other candidates on the ballot -- ranging from veteran politicians to sitcom stars to a pornography magnate. (Schwarzenegger thanks voters for their trust)

His closest competitor, Democrat Cruz Bustamante, will remain in office as California's lieutenant governor under Schwarzenegger.

Schwarzenegger will assume office within 10 days of the official vote certification, which must be completed by November 15, according to the state elections code. The outcome gives the GOP control of the country's four most-populous states heading into the 2004 presidential election. (Interactive: What happens next?)

Tuesday's election was the climax of one of the strangest episodes in recent U.S. political history. (Genesis of recall rooted in energy crisis Interactive: Recall petition signature counts)

Election officials reported heavy turnout throughout the day, in addition to more than 2.2 million previously cast absentee ballots, California Secretary of State Kevin Shelley said. (Gallery: Scenes from the vote CNN's The Morning Grind: It all comes down to voter turnout)

Davis had urged his supporters to turn out at the polls and said the state is in good shape despite the economic problems that helped trigger the recall. He also pointed to his record on health care, education and the environment. (Biography: Gray Davis)

But polls consistently indicated that Californians held Davis in contempt.

"People were angry at the governor," Art Torres, chairman of the state's Democratic Party, said in explaining the results.

Preliminary results showed that about 54 percent of voters backed the recall. Schwarzenegger easily led the list of replacement candidates, followed by Bustamante, state Sen. Tom McClintock and Green Party candidate Peter Camejo. (Results)

McClintock conceded defeat to Schwarzenegger less than an hour after polls closed and cast the day's events as a win for the state. (GOP candidates vote)

"This is a great day for California," the veteran conservative said. "On this day, in response to a common danger, the people of California rose to their duties as citizens."

In a speech late Tuesday, before conceding the recall race, Bustamante celebrated the defeat of Proposition 54, a ballot measure that would have prohibited the state from collecting data about race. (Full story)

The proposition will be shot down by a 2-to-1 margin, according to CNN estimates.

With more personal baggage than political pedigree, Schwarzenegger survived a wave of scandal in the campaign's closing days.

After surging ahead in polls after a September 24 debate, the actor found himself fending off the sexual harassment allegations and a claim that he expressed admiration for Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler in a 1975 interview. (On the Scene: CNN's Kelly Wallace)

While vehemently denying he had Nazi sympathies, Schwarzenegger both apologized for behaving badly and disputed some of the accusations, but he has given no specifics.(Full story)

Women were featured prominently in his recent campaign appearances, with his wife, Maria Shriver, and her mother, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, sister of the late President Kennedy, offering public support.

Schwarzenegger's inauguration speech

CNN's Frank Buckley reports on some potential challenges that Arnold Schwarzenegger will face as California governor.

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SACRAMENTO, California -- Following California's historic recall election, Arnold Schwarzenegger was sworn-in today as the state's 38th governor. After the 56-year-old Austrian immigrant took the oath of office, he said: "I must bring about the miracle of Sacramento."

SCHWARZENEGGER: Mr. Chief Justice, Governor and Mrs. Davis, Governor and Mrs. Wilson, Governor and Mrs. Deumejian, Governor Brown, legislative leadership, constitutional officers, my fellow Californians.

I am humbled, I am moved and I am honored beyond words to be your governor.

To the thousands of you who came here today, I have taken the oath to serve you. To the others across this state, Democrats, Republicans, and independents, it doesn't matter, I took the oath to serve you. To those who have no power, to those who have dropped out, disappointed in politics as usual, I took the oath to serve you.

I say to everyone here today, and to all Californians, I will not forget my oath, and I will not forget you.

Let me first thank Governor Davis and Mrs. Davis, and the entire administration for a smooth transition. There has been a spirit of mutual respect in our cooperation, and I want to thank you for that. Thank you very much. Thank you. My fellow citizens, today is a new day in California.

I did not seek this office to do things the way things have been done. What I care about is to restoring your confidence in your government.

When I became a citizen 20 years ago, I had to take the citizenship test. I had to learn about the history and principles of our republic. And what I learned and what I have never forgotten is that sovereignty rests with the people -- not with the government.

In recent years, Californians have lost confidence. They felt that the action of their government did not represent the will of the people.

This election was not about replacing one man. It was not about replacing one party. It was about changing the entire political climate of this state.

Everywhere I went during my campaign, I could feel the public hunger for our elected officials to work together, to work openly and to work for the greater good. This election was the people's veto for politics as usual.

With the eyes of the world upon us, we did the dramatic. Now we must put the rancor of the past behind us and do the extraordinary.

It is no secret that I'm a newcomer to politics. I realize I was elected on faith and hope. And I feel a great responsibility not to let the people down.

As soon as I go inside the capital behind me, I will sign my first order as governor. I will sign Executive Order No. 1, which will repeal the 300 percent increase in a car tax.

I will issue a proclamation convening a special session of the legislature to address California's fiscal crisis.

I will issue a proclamation convening a special session to reform our worker's compensation system.

I will call on the legislators to repeal SP-60.

And I will work hard to reform government, but bringing openness and full disclosure to public business.

I enter this office beholding to no one, except you, my fellow citizens.

I pledge my governorship to your interests, not to special interests.

So I have appointed to my cabinet the Republicans, Democrats, and independents because I want the people to know that my administration is not about politics, it is about saving California. The state of California is in a crisis. As I've said many times, we have spent ourselves into the largest deficit in the nation. We have the worst credit rating in the nation. We have the highest worker's compensation costs in the nation. And next year we will have the highest unemployment insurance costs in the nation. And we have the worst business climate in the nation.

But even though these problems are staggering, they do not even compare in what Californians have overcome in the past. Our state has endured earthquakes, floods and fires. The latest fires have destroyed lives, homes, businesses, and devastated [hundreds] of thousands of acres of land that we love.

On behalf of my fellow citizens, I salute all of those who have served on the front lines of the battle. The firefighters, emergency worker, law enforcement officials, National Guards and the thousands of volunteers.

As we watched the fires storms raging, we saw bravery that never faltered and determination that never wavered in a fight that never flagged.

To the families of those who gave their lives and those who have lost the lives, your loss is ours. As Californians, we mourn together. We fight together. And we will rebuild together.

And just as California will come back from the fires, we will also come back from fiscal adversity. I know there are some of you who say that the legislature and I will never agree on the solutions to their problems. But I have found in my life that people often respond in remarkable ways, to remarkable challenges.

In the words of President Kennedy, I am an idealist without illusions. I know it will hard to put aside years of partisan bitterness, I know it will be hard overcome the political habits of the past. But for guidance, let's look back in history to a period that I started when I became a citizen.

The summer of 1787. Delegates of the original 13 states were meeting in Philadelphia. The dream of a new nation was falling apart. Divisions were deep. Events were spiraling downward. Merchant against farmer, big states against small, north against south.

Our founding fathers knew that the fate of the union is in their hands. Just as the fate of our California is in our hands. What happened in that summer of 1787 is that they put their differences aside and produced the blueprint for our government, our constitution.

They are coming together, has been called the miracle of Philadelphia. Now the members of the legislature and I must bring about the miracle of Sacramento. A miracle based on cooperation, good will, new ideas and devotion to the long-term good of California.

What we face may look insurmountable. But I learned something in all these years of training and competing. I learned something from all of these years of lifting and training hard. I thought I couldn't lift another ounce of weight. What I learned was that we are always stronger than we know.

And California is like that, too. We are stronger than we know.

There is a massive weight we must lift off our state. Alone, I cannot lift it. But together, we can.

It is true that things may get harder before they get better. But I have never been afraid of the struggle. I have never been afraid of the fight. And I have never been afraid of the hard work.

I will not rest until our fiscal house is in order. I will not rest until California has a competitive job creating machine. I will not rest until the people of California come to see their government as a partner in their lives, and not a roadblock to their dreams.

Today I ask all of you to join me in a new partnership for California. One that is civil and respectful of our diverse population. One that challenges each and every one of us to serve our state in a joyful, productive and creative way.

Ladies and gentlemen, I have an immigrant's optimism, that what I have learned in citizenship class is true, the system does work, and I believe that with all my heart.

I have big hopes for California. President Reagan spoke of America as the shining city on a hill. I see California as the golden dream by the sea.

Perhaps some think that this is fanciful and poetic, but to an immigrant like me, who as a boy saw the Soviet tanks rolling through the streets of Austria, to someone like me who came here with absolutely nothing and gained absolutely everything, it is not fanciful to see California as the golden dream.

For millions of people around the world, California has always glimmered with hope and glowed with opportunity. Millions of people around the world sent their dreams to California, with the hope that their lives will follow.

My fellow citizens, I have taken the oath to uphold the constitution of California. And now, with your help, and with God's, I will also uphold the dream that is California. Thank you very much. And may God bless California. Thank you very much. Thank you.

Arnold Schwarzenegger

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Arnold Schwarzenegger, in full Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger, (born July 30, 1947, Thal, near Graz, Austria), Austrian-born American bodybuilder, film actor, and politician who rose to fame through roles in blockbuster action movies and later served as governor of California (2003–11).

How many times did Arnold Schwarzenegger win Mr. Olympia?

Arnold Schwarzenegger won the professional Mr. Olympia title six years in a row (1970–75) before retiring.

When did Arnold Schwarzenegger make his film debut?

Arnold Schwarzenegger made his film debut in Hercules in New York in 1970 as a lead, but another actor was used to dub his dialogue.

When was Arnold Schwarzenegger elected governor of California?

In 2003 Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor of California in a recall election. In his initial years in office, Schwarzenegger pushed for several restrictive measures that proved unpopular, especially with organized labor. Nevertheless, he was reelected in 2006.

What is the name of Arnold Schwarzenegger's memoir?

In 2012, Arnold Schwarzenegger published the memoir Total Recall: My Unbelievably True Life Story, written with Peter Petre.

Arnold Schwarzenegger became an international movie star with which film?

Arnold Schwarzenegger became an international star with The Terminator (1984) and over the next 20 years appeared in two sequels (1991 and 2003).

Schwarzenegger was known as the Styrian Oak, or Austrian Oak, in the bodybuilding world, where he dwarfed his competition. He won his first amateur Mr. Universe title in 1967. After moving to California in 1968 to train and compete in bigger events in the United States, he won three more Mr. Universe titles and then the professional Mr. Olympia title six years in a row (1970–75) before retiring. He surprised the bodybuilding world by returning to competition one more time to claim the Mr. Olympia title in 1980. Bodybuilding was the subject of several of his books, including the autobiographical Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder (1977 written with Douglas Kent Hall) and The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding (1998 written with Bill Dobbins).

Meanwhile, Schwarzenegger pursued his childhood dream of acting in movies. In his first film, Hercules in New York (1970), Schwarzenegger played the lead, but another actor was used to dub his dialog. Schwarzenegger’s native charm and wit finally came through in the acclaimed documentary Pumping Iron (1977), which led to his starring role in Conan the Barbarian (1982). He became an international star with The Terminator (1984) and over the next 20 years appeared in two sequels ( 1991 and 2003). His other films during this time included Predator (1987), Kindergarten Cop (1990), Total Recall (1990), True Lies (1994), and The 6th Day (2000).

Schwarzenegger became a U.S. citizen in 1983 and married reporter Maria Shriver in 1986. During the 1990s he became increasingly active in the Republican Party at both the state and national levels, and in 2003 he was elected governor of California in a recall election. In his initial years in office, Schwarzenegger pushed for a number of restrictive measures that proved unpopular, especially with organized labour. Nevertheless, he was reelected in 2006. He earned key legislative victories on issues relating to the environment, including a landmark act to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions in California, and successfully advocated for ballot propositions to reform the state’s redistricting process and political-primary format.

At the same time, his governorship was encumbered by the state’s enormous budget deficit, which ballooned to $26 billion in 2009. Despite a battery of service reductions and salary cuts enacted to stem the fiscal crisis, the state’s economy continued to struggle, and Schwarzenegger suffered from consistently low approval ratings. Because of term limits, he did not run for reelection in 2010. In May 2011 Schwarzenegger and Shriver announced that they were separating a few days later it was revealed that he had fathered a child with a woman who had worked in the household staff. Shriver subsequently filed for divorce.

Although Schwarzenegger had put his movie career on hiatus to devote attention to politics, in 2010 he made a cameo in The Expendables, an action film that brought together several aging stars of the genre. He also appeared in the movie’s 2012 and 2014 sequels. The Last Stand (2013) marked his first leading role in 10 years. He later starred with Sylvester Stallone in the action thriller Escape Plan (2013), took top billing in the action drama Sabotage (2014), and reprised his Terminator role in Terminator Genisys (2015) and Terminator: Dark Fate (2019).

In July 2011 a museum dedicated to Schwarzenegger’s life opened in his childhood home in Thal, Austria. The following year he published the memoir Total Recall: My Unbelievably True Life Story (written with Peter Petre).

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Patricia Bauer, Assistant Editor.

Important Events From This day in History October 7th

1921 : State officials in Texas are considering a ban on parades by the Ku Klux Klan because of their incitement of violence against any non-white Americans including Jews and African-Americans.

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1942 : Children in every school in the country have been bringing in 10 lbs of metal scrap or more this week and hundreds of thousands of scrap metal are now on their way to helping make the the tools our fighting men need to finish the job.

1963 : The first prototype Learjet a mass produced business jet takes off in Wichita, Kansas on it's maiden test flight.

Arnold Schwarzenegger Elected Governor of California

Celebrities becoming huge, influential political figures? Why, I’ve never heard of such a thing! The current US Presidential election might feature a candidate better known for his televised bon mots and bizarre hair than his stance on international trade treaties, but the notion of unusual stars of stage and screen becoming elected officials was nudged further into reality on this day in 2003 when Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected as the governor of California.

After campaigning for various Republican candidates throughout his career and appearing in the Ronald Reagan backed ‘Stop the Madness’ anti-drug music video, Arnold decided to take the plunge himself and run for office, after the incumbent Gray Davis was sacked mid-term. He won the election by around 1.3 million votes, despite scandals concerning the sexual harassment of women and an allegation that he once praised Hitler. He was soon dubbed ‘The Governator’ and served until 2011.

Watch the video: NBC Nightly News Oct 7, 2001 - America Strikes Back