Riverside II APA-102 - History

Riverside II APA-102 - History

Riverside II

(APA-102: dp. 8,392 (lt.),1. 492'; b. 69'0", dr. 26'6"; s. 18 k.;
epl. 539; trp. 1,740; a. 2 5", 4 40mm., 18 20mm., cl. Bayfield;
T. C3-S-A2)

The second Riverside was laid down on 11 November 1942 by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Miss., under Maritime Commission contract (M.C. hull 870); launched 13 April 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Sidney Swan; acquired by the Navv on loan charter, designated APA1 02, and commissioned on 29 June 1944. Then ordered to New York for conversion to an attack transport at the Atlantic Basin Ironworks Corp. yard, she was decommissioned on 8 July, converted, and recommissioned on 18 December 1944, Capt. Louis N. Miller in command.

After shakedown in Chesapeake Bay, Riverside proceeded to Davisville, 11.I.; loaded men and equipment of the 81st Construetion Batallion; and departed for the pacific. Transiting the Panama Canal on 30 January 1945, she continued on to Pearl Harbor, arriving on 15 February. She then carried patients and passengers to California. In mid-April she returned to Hawaii; conducted amphibious landing exercises through May, tested equipment and trained personnel in cargo handling in June; and in mid-June got lmderway on another

Hawaii-California run. At the end of the month she shifted from San Pedro to Portland, Oreg., for availability, and in early July steamed west with reinforcements for Okinawa.

Steaming via Guam and Ulithi, Riverside, flagship of Transport Squadron 21, arrived at the Hagushi anchorage on 12 August and discharged her cargo and passengers. Two days later the war ended. She then shifted around to Buckner Bay, whence she proceeded to the Philippines to embark Army occupation troops for Korea. From Korea she returned to Okinawa and toward the end of October joined the "Magic Carpet" fleet to bring American troops back to the United States. At the end of January 1946, she completed her second transPacific "Magic Carpet" run. She then made a round trip to Hawaii and, in mid-February, she departed San Francisco for the east coast and inactivation.

Riverside arrived at Norfolk on 5 March. Decommissioned on 27 April, she was redelivered to the Maritime Commission's War Shipping Adminstration on the 28th. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 8 May 1946.


History

The story of the Cooper family begins right after the Civil War when Henry Harrison Cooper and his two brothers immigrated from Scotland and settled in South Carolina. They soon moved to Baldwin County, Alabama, in an area later appropriately named Rosinton. They were rosin farmers securing rosin for naval stores from the plentiful Baldwin County pine trees.

Henry Cooper and his wife, Matilda, had fourteen children the next to youngest was named Angus Royal Cooper. It was this son who established the waterfront tradition which the family would follow for generations. Angus was born in 1877, and at an early age he went to work on the Mobile docks. His days on the docks prepared him to build a strong stevedoring company that would be expanded by his sons and grandsons into the second largest stevedoring company in America. On February 5, 1905 he established what has now become Cooper/T. Smith Corporation. This was the first big step in building a family-owned stevedoring company.

Angus Cooper’s son, Ervin, joined his family’s business. He married, had two sons (Angus II and David), and went on to personally direct the firm’s expansion to ports throughout the U.S. Both sons set out on a seemingly impossible mission: To grow the business worldwide and compete internationally with the biggest maritime firms in the world. Their sons, Angus III, Scott & David, Jr. worked after school, summers and holidays, learning the complex business that was “in their blood”. Today’s Cooper/T. Smith is a progressive and innovative organization employing thousands worldwide. The company impacts an astonishing array of industries throughout the world, from agriculture, energy and chemicals to construction, food service and tourism.

Today, in Mobile, Cooper Riverside Park honors the memory of Ervin S. Cooper (1911 - 1982). There, he is immortalized in a bronze statue sitting on a Waterman Steamship Company bench watching over the Mobile waterfront which has meant so much to the Cooper family. Cooper/T. Smith has grown from modest beginnings to a complex, multifaceted maritime giant in the last one hundred years. Earning a worldwide reputation for lasting partnerships and exceptional service, Angus Cooper II, David Cooper, Sr. and the fourth generation of the Cooper legacy, Angus Cooper III and Scott Cooper, are making the next century just as exciting.


USS Riverside Named in Honor of Riverside County

Riverside County is rich in military history. Our military installations, like March Field and the Naval Surface Warfare Center are well known, if not by civilians then in our military circles. But our naval history is not as top of mind. How many of you knew that the Department of the Navy actually named a ship after Riverside County? Her name was the USS Riverside or APA 102.

She was a Bayfield Class attack transport. During World War II she and her crew delivered troops to the battle front and recovered wounded troops from the battlefields. She served our Navy in the vast Pacific Ocean.

While a transport, she was also well-armed with two, single 130 mm gun fore and aft, two twin 40 mm anti-aircraft guns, and 18 single 20 mm anti&ndashaircraft gun mounts. It is likely Riverside County residents served aboard the USS Riverside. She had a crew of 43 officers and 108 enlisted members. At 8,100 tons she was no lightweight. She was just shy of 500 feet long. Like many ships built during World War ll, she was built &mdash or laid down &mdashin Mississippi in 1942 and launched in 1944.

The USS Riverside had a brief war-service record. She and her crew had the honor of serving as the Flagship for Taskforce Squadron 41. The USS Riverside served exclusively in the Pacific Theatre. She passed through the Panama Canal, sailed to Pearl Harbor, and made multiple runs from Pearl Harbor to California carrying patients and cargo. She carried troops to Okinawa. Guam, Hagushi, Philippines, and even Korea.

She was twice tasked with &ldquoOperation Magic Carpet&rdquo runs. These runs were after the end of World War II and were bringing American fighting troops home to family and friends. The USS Riverside ended her valiant service with the United States Navy when her name was struck from the Navy list on May 8, 1946. After being struck from the Navy records she was sold and roamed the seas as a transport ship until she sunk in 1968.

It is unclear exactly how the Unites States Navy decided to honor Riverside County with a ship. It is possible that having the Navy&rsquos ship building offices headquartered in Riverside County may have helped the cause. No one knows for sure.

The County of Riverside, in 2014, officially asked the Secretary of the Navy to honor us again with the naming of another ship in honor of Riverside County. No response to date has been received. To be fair, only transport ships are named after counties and the Navy is building many of those transport ships today.

For those interested in seeing a large-scale scale model of the USS Riverside, you will have to visit the County Administrative Center in Riverside at 4080 Lemon Street. The USS Riverside is located in the Military and Veteran Conference Room on the fourth floor. Since late 2014 this conference room honors the USS Riverside, Medal of Honor recipients who called our county home, two former presidents, and all who served, past, present, and future in our military.


Early Care and Education

The Early Care and Education Unit (ECE) provides child care and development services for Riverside County families. The following programs are available through ECE to assist families in obtaining quality child care and to assist programs in providing that care:

  • Child Care Resource and Referral to assist parents in locating licensed child care and community resources in Riverside County
  • Administer the Eligibility List for ECE’s state-funded child care and development programs
  • Alternative Payment Program to assist low-income families with child care costs
  • CalWORKs Child Care (Stages 2 and 3)
  • General Child Care and Development: Center-Based Program
  • California State Preschool Program
  • Quality Rating Improvement System Block Grants (Quality Start Riverside County)

ECE is proud to provide many programs to support child care and development providers including:

  • Quality Start Riverside County in support of California State Preschool and other child development programs
  • Riverside Hybrid Alternative Payment (RHAP) Program provides incentives for providers participating in Quality Start Riverside County.
  • Participation as a provider on Riverside County’s Resource and Referral list which assists parents in locating licensed child care in the county
  • Support for child development centers and licensed family child care homes through:
    • Health and Safety programs and training
    • Technical Assistance

    ECE has received several grants to help meet their goals for improving child care and building capacity in Riverside County. These grants allow ECE to assist the community in receiving child development funding work with teachers and child care providers in promoting early literacy and reading readiness assist parents with skills for raising their children and increase quality Child Development programs. The grants include:

    • Child Care Initiative Projects (CCIP) – to increase provider capacity and quality through training and supports for providers interested in becoming licensed
    • Health and Safety, and Preventative Health for child care and development programs

    Riverside (951) 826-6626 or (800) 442-4927
    Indio (760) 863-3345
    Murrieta (951) 600-5620

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    Freeman researched the vessel's history, but is still trying to ascertain how and why Riverside County was honored with a ship named after it.

    He said in the early 1940s, the Navy's shipbuilding administrative offices were located in the Riverside area, and that "may have helped the cause."

    The result was a nearly 500-foot-long, 8,100-ton ship that set sail in 1944, near the close of World War II.

    According to Freeman, the USS Riverside, designated APA 102, became the flagship for Taskforce Squadron 41, completing its wartime service in the Pacific.

    Freeman said the ship made runs through the Panama Canal and stopped numerous times at Pearl Harbor, often carrying wounded servicemen and cargo.

    At least twice after the war ended, the USS Riverside was tasked with carrying troops home from overseas climes in "Operation Magic Carpet" rides, Freeman said.

    The ship was retired from the Navy on May 8, 1946. It was sold to private interests in 1948 and used for oceanic journeys, changing hands three times before wrecking near Isabel Island in Chile in March 1968. Remains of the sunken transport are still visible where it went down.

    A scale model of the ship is on display in the Veterans Conference Room of the County Administrative Center in downtown Riverside.

    Freeman asked anyone who was affiliated with the ship during its military service to contact him directly at [email protected]

    He said the hope is to record oral histories, as well as publicly recognize those who served aboard the county-named vessel.

    According to Freeman, in 2014, county representatives submitted a formal request for the Pentagon to consider naming a future ship after Riverside County. There has been no response to date.


    A Brief History of Riverside and Avondale

    The Riverside and Avondale neighborhoods are two of Jacksonville’s premier historic districts, featuring over 2,000 historically-significant structures within their combined space, which stretches roughly from Roosevelt Boulevard to I-10.

    The neighborhoods’ origins can be traced back to the 1800s, when the vast majority of their land was used for agricultural purposes. Following the Civil War, much of that land was gradually sold off for residential development.

    Houses first started popping up in the 1870s in Riverside. Streets were laid out, several of which were named for previous landowners such as Francis Richard and John Forbes. But development didn’t truly take off until the area was annexed by the city of Jacksonville in the 1880s – which also brought about the expansion of the city’s streetcar line into Riverside.

    Over in what would later become Avondale, a group of investors formed the Edgewood Company and attempted to develop the area with plans of creating an independent town named Edgewood. Several houses and commercial buildings were built in the late 1800s as part of this development, but the company’s grand plans ultimately fell apart with few of the Edgewood-era structures still remaining today.

    Meanwhile, in Riverside, development was booming. By 1895, the neighborhood had over 2,000 residents and its first park, Riverside Park, was developed on land once owned by Forbes.

    The turn of the century brought about even more progress in Riverside, with development concentrated along streetcar lines and the St. Johns River. Large estates were constructed along the river for the Cummer family, which would later become home to the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens.

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    Many newcomers were driven toward the area by the Great Fire of 1901, which destroyed hundreds of homes in downtown Jax. Several companies – including Riverside Company, Riverfront Company, Better Homes Company, Albert Fendig and Company, Haldemar Corporation, and Pipes Improvement Company – competed to fill out the neighborhood.

    While many of the homes built during this time featured a simple bungalow-style design, some of the area’s more affluent residents lived in custom-built homes designed by the city’s top architects. Marsh and Saxelbye designs were prominently featured in Riverside, along with those of Henry J. Klutho, Mellon Greely, Roy Benjamin, H.F. McAden and I. Edlestein, and Mark and Sheftall.

    Photo courtesy of Florida State Archives

    Riverside was developed largely for the enjoyment of middle-class white families. Black families were generally not welcomed in the neighborhood, but there was one notable exception: Silvertown, a small annex subdivision developed by August Buesing for use by Black families. Much of Silvertown, however, was ultimately built over by subsequent development in Riverside.

    Land for a second Riverside park, Willow Branch Park, toward the western end of the neighborhood was purchased by the city in 1911, with streetcar services expanding out to the park as well.

    By 1919, the entirety of what’s now the Riverside Historic District was annexed by the city. That same year, a third park, Memorial Park, was developed by the Olmstead Firm.

    Though much of the Riverside development was focused around single-family residences, apartment buildings started popping up in the neighborhood following World War I.

    Commercial development remained sparse throughout Riverside and was mainly concentrated along Park Street in the Five Points area. Other structures included Riverside Hospital which opened in 1911 and has since been demolished, St. Vincent’s Hospital which was built in 1916, and several churches with grand architectural designs.

    Throughout all of this rapid development in Riverside, the Avondale area had remained fairly quiet. But with space running out quickly to the east, Avondale became the new frontier for development by the 1920s.

    The Avondale Company was formed, and it soon purchased 220 acres of what was previously the Edgewood Subdivision. The company was led by Telfair Stockton, a prominent developer and politician who had previously taken part in the development of Springfield.

    Developed during the Florida Land Boom of the 1920s, Avondale was built as an upscale, single-family neighborhood. It eschewed the traditional grid system with its curved roads, becoming one of the first Jax neighborhoods to be designed with vehicular travel in mind. Its green spaces were designed by nationally-recognized architect William Pitkin.

    Land use was carefully controlled by the Avondale Company, with stores, offices, and apartments barred from their property. The few historic commercial or multi-family residential structures in Avondale were built on land that wasn’t owned by the company.

    The one exception was a small concentration of shops, known as the Shoppes of Avondale, along St. Johns Avenue, designed to blend in with the residential character of the neighborhood.

    Photo courtesy of Florida State Archives

    As with Riverside, many of the more upscale homes in Avondale were designed by top architecture firms. Marsh and Saxelbye again covered the most ground, with at least 34 homes designed in Avondale. Other key contributors included Benjamin, Greeley, Mark and Sheftall, Jefferson Powell, Wilbur B. Talley, and C.E. Hillyer.

    Avondale also shared Riverside’s trait of being strictly “whites-only.”

    By the late 1930s, both Riverside and Avondale were essentially fully developed, and the King Street District in Riverside emerged as a third small commercial center.

    Unfortunately, Riverside – and, to a lesser degree, Avondale – began to enter a period of decline following World War II. It was also around this time when aggressive expansion by the two area hospitals resulted in several demolitions of historic properties.

    The development of the Fuller Warren Bridge and I-10 in the ‘50s brought about more demolitions as well as the permanent decommissioning of Public School No. 4, which continues to sit vacant.

    Thankfully, the area’s decline slowed in the ‘70s with the formation of the Riverside Avondale Preservation organization, founded by historian Wayne Wood. Many aging historic homes were renovated and became rental properties or office space. Along with its preservation and revitalization work, the organization was instrumental in the creation of Riverside Arts Market.

    In the ‘80s, both neighborhoods were added to the National Register of Historic Places. The city followed suit in 1997, designating the combined Riverside-Avondale area as a local historic district.

    Today, the neighborhoods have bounced back with a more diverse group of residents, most of whom value the historic nature of the area, boasting a sustainable, walkable environment that ranks among the nation’s top neighborhoods.


    The Legend of Riverside Raceway

    Legendary is an overly used word in this day and age. However, there are few other words to describe three decades of racing at Riverside International Raceway. Take this opportunity to indulge in stories of racing from an age when sex was safe and racing was dangerous.

    When Riverside International Raceway (RIR) permanently closed its gates on July 2, 1989, this understated event could be viewed as one of the most tragic days in SoCal racing history. As bulldozers erased the track to make way for a burgeoning shopping center and housing to meet the migration of Southern California residents to the Inland Empire, 32 years of racing became a thing of legend like the fading thunderous echos of the cars off the surrounding mountains. Known to many as “The Track that Gurney Built” - a moniker for the local rookie hero who nearly won the ?rst major race at the track in November 1957 against a ?eld that included Masten Gregory, Ken Miles and Carroll Shelby. From there, Gurney went on to International fame, but always called Riverside home.

    RIR played host to almost every major racing series in modern history. NASCAR to Can-Am to Cal Car Club to IndyCars to International Motor Sport Association (IMSA) to United States Road Racing Championship (USRRC) to The National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) and the AMA Superbikes all called the track home for high-pro?le annual events. In 1960, RIR hosted the Formula One United States Grand Prix. Take also into account that no other sports car race in the US was richer than the annual LA Times Grand Prix as notable drivers from all over the world descended on the black tarmac ribbons winding through dessert sands of Riverside.

    When RIR broke ground in January of 1957, there was a major transition happening for racing in America. Just over ten years earlier, GIs had come home from the European theater of World War II with small bore, nimble “Sports Cars." Needless to say, the late 1940s and early 1950s saw an emerging culture for these cars - racing Euro-style on public roads. Small resort towns embraced the phenomenon and places like Watkins Glen and Bridgehampton, New York, Palm Springs, California and Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin lined the streets in town with hay bales - separating throngs of spectators literally inches from the action. Needless to say, several mishaps and very sadly, an accident that killed a seven-year-old spectator in Watkins Glen, made this type of racing outlawed–including a congressional rebuke. For a short time following, the races continued, but were held on Strategic Air Command airbase runways - similar to British military airport courses like Silverstone. General Curtis LeMay, an enthusiast himself, and proud owner of an Allard 22 sports car, arranged use of the SAC air?elds for SCCA sanctioned road racing. Enter then the genius of a handful of entrepreneurs who saw a future in motorsport - and the toll that losing the races had on the sleepy resort towns. Men like Cameron Argetsinger, Cliff Tufte developed purpose built road racing tracks within the con?nes of these communities that became Watkins Glen International, Road America. Sears Point (In?neon Raceway), Laguna Seca (Mazda Raceway), Meadowdale International Raceways, Lime Rock, Bridgehampton and Riverside International sprung up soon after.

    A gilded age of road racing in America began as the sport now had venues that rivaled the beautiful courses in Europe. These new tracks ?owed with the surrounding landscape, providing elevation changes, tricky corners and long top speed straightaways. Up until the late 1940s, cars were almost exclusively racing on ovals, which was, and in many cases remains the American racing mentality. Guys like Jim Hall (above), Carroll Shelby and Dan Gurney would advance automotive technology to state-of-the-art in this amazing era.

    RIR had all of the features that made a road racing circuit great--and could be split up into six different variations for different types of racing. The tight 180 degree horseshoe corner at the end of a 1.5 mile back-straight, would gain a reputation as one of the most frightening curves in racing. The corner would be altered in 1969, adding a “dogleg” to the approach to ease stress on the brakes of the racing cars and ultimately to make it safer for drivers. The track opened its gates in September of 1957 for a Cal Club racing weekend. Sadly in this ?rst event, the track would take the ?rst of many lives as John Lawrence of Pasadena, California, driving an MG A, went straight off Turn 5 and up a sand embankment and turned over. He had no roll bar, and despite walking away from the scene, he died later in the day of brain damage. Former 1950s Los Angeles Rams football star, Les Richter, owned the track until the early 1980s. Richter was a marvelous promoter, who conceptualized the International Race of Champions (IROC), originally run in identically prepared Porsche 911s then Chevrolet Camaros.

    In the 1960s Richter saw Dan Gurney testing his Eagle Indy Car at RIR and decided to feature a USAC sanctioned IndyCar race at the track. It became a regular stop for the series throughout the life of the track. All the incarnations from USAC to CART raced on the 3.1 mile “long course” with a list of winners including Bobby Rahal, Rick Mears, Mario Andretti and Dan Gurney.

    Formula One made only one appearance there in 1960. The USGP at RIR was won by Stirling Moss over Team mate Innes Ireland in the Lotus-Climax with Bruce McLaren in a Cooper-Climax rounding out the podium. Riverside was the last F1 race for the 2.5 liter formula and saw a host of greats from the period: Wolfgang Von Tripps, Joe Bonnier, Jim Clark, Graham Hill and Jack Brabham. Local Heroes Dan Gurney and Phil Hill, who would become the ?rst American F1 World Champion the following year, participated, but did not score well in the race. American Chuck Daigh drove the F1 incarnation of Lance Reventlow's Scarab.

    NASCAR called Riverside home in the West. Not surprising, again Gurney took 5 wins in the Cup series at RIR. Mark Donahue scored his only NASCAR win - but signi?cantly also Penske Racing's ?rst NASCAR win - in a 1973 AMC Matador. Notables who chalked up multiple victories at RIR were Darrell Waltrip, Bobby Allison, Richard Petty, Cale Yarborough and David Pearson. In many of these races the guardrail at the horseshoe corner would be marked up and bent by the end of the weekend from so many cars literally using it to navigate the tricky turn. The track's last major event was in June of 1988 when Rusty Wallace won in a Pontiac.

    With such close proximity, Hollywood made good use of RIR, ?lming many classic movies and television episodes at the track. Elvis Presley ?lmed segments of both Speedway and Viva Las Vegas at RIR. Paul Newman (pictured above and below) filmed much of the racing movie Winning at RIR. Television shows like CHiPs, Knight Rider, The Rockford Files and Simon and Simon all made good use of the track for car stunts. Even John Frankenheimer, while making the epic Grand Prix used Riverside - though not for the backdrop: in car footage of the drivers' footwork in the Monaco sequence was actually ?lmed at RIR on the back straight as hired guns, Dan Gurney and Phil Hill, executed a simulated lap of Monaco - entirely from memory!

    Like its neighbor, Ontario Motor Speedway, demolished in 1980, Riverside International Raceway met the wrecking ball, eliminating racing from the Inland Empire until ten years later when Roger Penske built California Speedway (Auto Club Speedway) a stone's throw from the two defunct tracks.

    Riverside remains in the collective memories of racing fans everywhere - but none felt quite like the SoCal fans who continue to revere the dangerous and challenging road circuit. There is a place, and an annual event, that revives the spirit of RIR: The Riverside International Automotive Museum's “Legends of Riverside” that treats patrons to a weekend of stories and ?lms of the fabled circuit. The Riverside International Automotive Museum (RIAM) was founded to preserve the rich history of Road Racing in Southern California. It has many artifacts, documents and exhibits from both Riverside International Raceway and Ontario Motor Speedway. The museum also pays tribute to the Long Beach Grand Prix, racing at Dodger Stadium and the Paramount Ranch. - Tom Stahler Special thanks to photographers Pete Lyons, Frank Mormillo, Ron Takacs, Thomas Owens, Dick Castillo, Stan Sholik, and the Riverside International Automotive Museum.


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    Quotation: ("Internet crime prevention tips," n.d., Credit Card Fraud section).

    Web document: Chapter or a section

    McKenzie, W. (2008). Naturalist. In Multiple intelligences in education: Intelligence profiles. http://surfaquarium.com/MI/profiles/naturalist.htm

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (McKenzie, 2008). Quotation: (McKenzie, 2008, p. 67).

    Web document: no author, with date (e.g. news website):

    More tests needed before Ohio city gets water back. (2014, August 4). http://www.foxnews.com/us/2014/08/03/toledo-tells-residents-not-to-drink-water-due-to-presence-toxins/

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (&ldquoMore Tests Needed&rdquo, 2014). Quotation: (&ldquoMore Tests Needed&rdquo, 2014, para. 3).

    Web document: Academic website

    Henderson, J. (2011). ICYouSee: A guide to critical thinking about what you see on the web. http://www.ithaca.edu/library/training/think.html

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Henderson, 2011). Quotation: (Henderson, 2011, Exercise: Peak Oil).

    Web document: Government report

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2013). Health, United States, 2013 (DHHS Publication No. 2014-1232). http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus13.pdf

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2013).
    Quotation: (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2013, p. 10).

    Company Report: from company / organization website:

    NIKE, Inc. (2013). Annual report on form 10-K. http://investors.nikeinc.com/files/doc_financials/AnnualReports/2013/docs/nike-2013-form-10K.pdf

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (NIKE, 2013). Quotation: (NIKE, 2013, p. 50).

    Web document: Technical or research report

    University of California, San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging. (1996, November). Chronic care in America: A 21st century challenge. http://www.rwjf.org/files/publications/other/ChronicCareinAmerica.pdf

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: First instance (University of California, San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging [UCSF/IHA], 1996). Subsequent instances: (UCSF/IHA, 1996). Data/Image: (UCSF/IHA, 1996, p. 39).

    Article: General Format

    Author Last Name, First & Middle Initials. (Date). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Source, Volume(Issue), Page numbers.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Author Last Name, Year).
    Quotation: (Author Last Name, Year, p. Page Number).

    Manna for Motown Detroit's bankruptcy. (2013, October 5). The Economist, 409, 32(US).

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (&ldquoManna for Motown&rdquo, 2013). Quotation: (&ldquoManna for Motown&rdquo, 2013, p. 32).

    Murphy, L. (2011). Childhood and adolescent violent victimization and the risk of young adult intimate partner violence victimization. Violence & Victims, 26(5), 593-607.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Murphy, 2011). Quotation: (Murphy, 2011, p. 599).

    Scheider, S. & Nordheim, G. (2014). Individual service plans: Assisted living&rsquos key to quality care. Long-Term Living, 63(5), 26, 28.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Scheider & Nordheim, 2014). Quotation: (Scheider & Nordheim, 2014, p. 26).

    Article: Three or more authors

    Peterson, S. A., Aye, T., & Wheeler, P. Y. (2014). Internet use and romantic relationships among college students. North American Journal of Psychology, 16(1), 53.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Peterson et al., 2014) Quotation: (Peterson et al., 2014, p. 53)

    Article: Six or more authors

    Langfelder-Schwind, E., Karczeski, B., Strecker, M. N., Redman, J., Sugarman, E. A., Zaleski, C., . . . Darrah, R. (2014). Molecular testing for cystic fibrosis carrier status practice guidelines: Recommendations of the National Society of Genetic Counselors. Journal of Genetic Counseling, 23(1), 5-15. Retrieved from ProQuest Psychology Journals.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Langfelder-schwind et al., 2014). Quotation: (Langfelder-schwind et al., 2014, p. 7).

    Article: Scholarly/Peer-reviewed Journal

    Han, J., & Shen, Y. (2015). Financial development and total factor productivity growth: Evidence from China. Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, 51, S261-S274.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Han & Shen, 2015). Quotation: (Han & Shen, 2015, p. S271).

    Flores, D., Hickenlooper, G., & Saxton, R. (2013, September 30). An academic practice partnership: Helping new registered nurses to advance quality and patient safety. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(3).

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Flores, Hickenlooper, & Saxton, 2013).
    Quotation: (Flores, Hickenlooper, & Saxton, 2013, para. 5).

    Clear as mud. (2014, July 26). The Economist, 412(8897), 26(US).

    In-text
    Paraphrase: ("Clear as Mud", 2014). Quotation: ("Clear as Mud", 2014, p. 26).

    Connelly, E. (2012, July 13). What does organic food mean? http://ezinearticles.com/?What-¬Does-¬Organic-¬Food-¬Mean?&id=7176117

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Connelly, 2012). Quotation: (Connelly, 2012, para. 5).

    Fisher, P. (2014, July 25). Ancient history shows us just how bad and volatile climate change could get. Washington Post.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Fisher, 2014). Quotation (Fisher, 2014, para. 15).

    Executive pay could add tension to talks: Base salaries rise as cuts sought. (2008, March 25). Detroit Free Press.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: ("Executive Pay," 2008). Quotation: ("Executive Pay," 2008, para. 5).

    Honan, M. (2014, August). House broken. Wired, 22(8), 58.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Honan, 2014). Quotation: (Honan, 2014, p. 58).

    IRS reinstates practitioners. (2014, July). Accounting Today, 28(7), 13.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: ("IRS reinstates practitioners," 2014).
    Quotation: ("IRS reinstates practitioners," 2014, p. 13).

    The phony &lsquonarrow network&rsquo scare [Editorial]. (2014, July 25). The New York Times, p. A26.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: ("The phony 'narrow network'," 2014).
    Quotation: ("The phony 'narrow network'," 2014, p. A26).

    Web document: Company Report - from organization website

    NIKE, Inc. (n.d.). Corporate Responsibility Report: FY 07 08 09.http://www.nikebiz.com/crreport/content/pdf/documents/en-US/full-report.pdf

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (NIKE, n.d.). Quotation: (NIKE, n.d., Business Overview Section, pp. 8-9).

    Home Depot. (2001). Home Depot 2000 annual report. Atlanta, GA: Author.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Home Depot, 2001). Quotation: (Home Depot, 2001, p. 34).

    Blogs/Wikis: may not be accepted as a scholarly source

    Shoemaker, S. (2006, June 8). In praise of Netflix. Laguna Lacuna. http://lagunalacuna.blogspot.com/search?q=in+praise+of+netflix

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Shoemaker, 2006). Quotation: (Shoemaker, 2006, para. 4).

    American Institute for Cancer Research. (2010). Start where you are [Brochure]. Washington, DC: Author.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (American Institute for Cancer Research, 2000).
    Quotation: (American Institute for Cancer Research, 2000, p. 4).

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.) Antibiotics aren't always the answer [Brochure]. http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/campaign-materials/print-materials/brochure-answer.pdf

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Centers for Disease Control, n.d.).
    Quotation: (Centers for Disease Control, n.d., p. 2).

    Class/Course Documents

    Baker College. (2008, Summer). Developing a time management plan [Course document]. SPK 2010: Oral Communication.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Baker College, 2008). Quotation: (Baker College, 2008, para. 3).

    Discussion Board Posts

    Smith, A. B. (2008, Spring). Time management strategies [Discussion board message]. SPK 2010: Oral Communication.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Smith, 2008). Quotation: (Smith, 2008, para. 2).

    Baker College. (2013, Summer). Essay organization [Class handout]. COM 1010: Composition and Critical Thinking I.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Baker College, 2013) Quotation: (Baker College, 2013, p. 2).

    Barron, G. (2015, Fall). Race and ethnicity [Lecture]. [email protected] https://baker.instructure.com/

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Barron, 2015) Quotation: (Barron, 2015)

    Johnson, J. J. (2016, Spring). Abnormal behaviors [PowerPoint slides]. [email protected] https://baker.instructure.com/

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Johnson, 2016). Quotation: (Johnson, 2016, slide 14).

    Encyclopedias and dictionaries

    Library Database: with author

    Maryanski, A., & Turner, J. (2001). Functionalism and structuralism. In E. F. Borgatta & R. J. V. Montgomery (Eds.), Encyclopedia of sociology (2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 1029-1037). MacMillan Reference USA.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Maryanski & Turner, 2001). Quotation: (Maryanski & Turner, 2001, p. 1030).

    Library Database: no author

    SIC 3721 aircraft. (2005). In L. Pearce (Ed.), Encyclopedia of American industries, Vol. 1: Manufacturing industries. (4th ed., p. 1154-1164). Gale.

    Library Database: no author, no date

    Plate tectonics. (n.d.). In Encyclopedia. Retrieved from Issues & Controversies database.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: ("Plate Tectonics", n.d.). Quotation: ("Plate Tectonics", n.d., p. 678).

    Global warming. (2008). In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/global_warming.aspx

    In-text
    Paraphrase: ("Global Warming" 2008). Quotation: ("Global Warming", 2008, para. 5).

    Definition - Electronic: no author: Title entry

    Methane. (1990). In Encyclopedia Americana (International ed., Vol. 18, pp. 321-322). Grolier.

    Definition - Electronic: no author, no date

    Intranet. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/

    Library - Print: with author, with date

    Hensel, J. W. (1999). Technical education. In Encyclopedia Americana (International ed., Vol.26, p. 354-355). Grolier.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Hensel, 1999). Quotation: (Hensel, 1999, p. 355).

    Wilson, W. (1919). In Respectfully quoted: A dictionary of quotations (Number 871). Retrieved from http://www.bartleby.com/73/871.html

    Bolton, G. C. (Speaker). (1975). Towards an Australian environmental history [Cassette recording]. Media Services, Murdoch University.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase:(Bolton, 1975). Quotation:(Bolton, 1975, <track title>).

    Speech from a website:

    King, M. L. Jr. (1963). "I have a dream. ". http://www.archives.gov/press/exhibits/dream-speech.pdf

    In-text: Paraphrase: (King, 1963). Quotation: (King, 1963, para. 4).

    Speech from a library database:

    King, M. L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream address.

    In-text: Paraphrase: (King, 1963). Quotation: (King, 1963, para. 5)

    Franklin D. Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor Speech. (2004). In C. Rose (Ed.), American Decades Primary Sources (Vol. 5, pp. 213-215). Gale.

    In-text: Paraphrase: ("Franklin D. Roosevelt's", 2004). Quotation: ("Franklin D. Roosevelt's", 2004, p. 213).

    Speech from a print book:

    Hillstrom, L. C. (2009). The attack on Pearl Harbor. Omnigraphics.

    In-text: President Roosevelt's speech to declare war on Japan began, "Yesterday, December 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked" (as cited in Hillstrom, 2009, p. 189).

    Speech heard in person:

    Clinton, H. R. (2014, October 16). Rally for Michigan Democrats. Speech presented at Oakland University, Rochester, MI.

    Speech seen on television:

    Obama, B. (2014, November 20). Speech on immigration reform [TV series]. ABC News.

    Media: Film, Motion Picture, TV

    Richter, J. (Producer), & Hausmann, J. (Director). (1985). Cezanne: The man and the mountain [Motion picture]. Home Vision.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Richter & Hausmann, 1985). Quotation: (Richter & Hausmann, 1985, Timestamp)

    Television: Single Program

    Safer, M. (Narr.). (1993, September 19). Yes. But is it art? [Television broadcast]. Central Broadcasting Service.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Safer, 1993). Quotation: (Safer, 1993, Timestamp)

    Television: Episode from a series

    Woodard, K. (Writer). (2005). Katrina's animal rescue [Television series episode]. In B. Murphy (Producer), Nature. Thirteen/WNET New York.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Woodward, 2005). Quotation: (Woodward, 2005, Timestamp ).

    Podcasts - audio and video

    Duchon, R. (2007). Ashes to hope: Overcoming the Detroit riots. [Audio podcast]. Michigan Radio. http://pod.michiganradio.org/podcasts/ashes1.mp3

    In-text
    Paraphrase:(Duchon, 2007). Quotation:(Duchon, 2007, Timestamp )

    ABC News (Producer). (2007, September 21). Dying professor's lecture of a lifetime [Video podcast]. In Good morning America: Person of the week. . ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/PersonOfWeek/Story?id=3633945&page=1

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (ABC News, 2007). Quotation: (ABC News, 2007, Timestamp).

    Navasky, M. & O'Connor, K. (Producers). (2006, November 21). Living old (W. Lyman, Narrator) [Video podcast]. PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/livingold/

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Navasky & O'Connor, 2006). Quotation: (Navasky & O'Connor, 2006, <chapter/section title>).

    Tweet (may not be accepted as a scholarly source)

    Author, A. @Twitterhandle. (Year, Month Day). Content of the tweet up to the first 20 words. Twitter. http://twitter.com/[url]

    In-text: (Twitter handle, Year)

    Organization as author

    University of Michigan. (2020, August 23). These are unprecedented times, and the #COVID19 pandemic has caused mental health concerns to skyrocket. But businesses can support their. [Tweet with link attached]. https://twitter.com/UMich/status/1297541605474238464

    In-text
    Paraphrase and Quotation: (University of Michigan, 2020).

    Goyen, A. (2014, February 22). Downtown Marquette dog sled races [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gW3CNCGGgTY

    In-text
    Paraphrase:(Goyen, 2014). Quotation:(Goyen, 2014, <section title>).

    Organization as author

    University of Chicago. (2007, December 12). European cartographers and the Ottoman world, 1500--1750 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xax5d4IKqrQ

    In-text
    Paraphrase and Quotation:(University of Chicago, 2007).: (University of Chicago, 2007).

    Images: with title, with Photographer name and date

    Baumel, A. (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image]. Doctors Without Borders. https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org

    Images: with title, no photographer name or date

    Spices for the curry [Online image]. (n.d.). http://jdtr.pagesperso-orange.fr/marsau3.htm

    Images: no title, photographer name or date

    [Untitled photograph of a baby chimpanzee]. (n.d.). Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:500px_photo_(188689973).jpeg

    Online Discussion forums (may not considered authoritative sources)

    Simmons, D. J. (2000, July 14). New resources for visual recognition [Msg 31]. http://group.yahoo.com/group/visualrecognition/message31

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Simmons, 2000). Quotation: (Simmons, 2000, para. 4).

    Annual/Corporate/Company report

    Technical or research report

    University of California, San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging. (1996, November). Chronic care in America: A 21st century challenge. http://www.rwjf.org/files/publications/other/ChronicCareinAmerica.pdf

    In-text
    Paraphrase: First instance (University of California, San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging [UCSF/IHA], 1996). Subsequent instances: (UCSF/IHA, 1996). Quotation: (UCSF/IHA, 1996, para. 2).

    U.S. Public Health Service. (2000). Report of the surgeon general's conference on children's mental health: A national section agenda. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/chilreport.htm

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (U.S. Public Health Service, 2000). Quotation: (U.S. Public Health Service, 2000, para. 7).

    Doctoral Dissertations / Master's Theses

    Published, retrieved from a library database

    Roi, R. C. (2006). Leadership, corporate culture and financial performance (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. (UMI No. 3223891).

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Roi, 2006). Quotation: (Roi, 2006, p. 89)

    Published, obtained from PQDT (ProQuest Dissertations & Theses) Open

    Pandit, G. (2011). Critical reflection in collective knowledge creation: A mixed-method case study of middle managers' reflection and interaction in a public organization (Doctoral dissertation). (UMI No. AAT 3426943). http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/#viewpdf?dispub=3426943

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Pandit, 2011). Quotation: (Pandit, 2011, p. 89).

    Unpublished, obtained from a university

    Myers, K. H. (2004). Juvenile recidivism: An investigation into the reduction of future law violations of incarcerated youth in Louisiana (Unpublished master's thesis). McNeese State University, Lake Charles, LA.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Myers, 2004). Quotation: (Myers, 2004, p. 28-29).

    Personal Communication

    Show only in-text. Format:
    First & Middle initials Last name (personal communication, Month Day, year).

    DO NOT INCLUDE IN REFERENCES.

    Example: T. Betts (personal communication, August 3, 2015)

    Articles obtained via Interlibrary Loan

    Cite as articles from a print source.

    Stein, B. (2003, May 23). America's ballroom challenge (Keynote address) Computers and Writing Conference. Purdue Memorial Union, Purdue University.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Stein, 2003). Quotation: (Stein, 2003, para. 6).

    Bancroft, D., & Lowe, S. (2006). Helping users help themselves: Evaluating the off-campus library services website. In J. Garrison (Ed.), Twelfth Off-campus Library Services Conference Proceedings (pp. 11-23). Mount Pleasant: Central Michigan University.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Bancroft & Lowe, 2006). Quotation: (Bancroft & Lowe, 2006, p. 15).

    United States Government Accountability Office. (2009). Litigation has decreased and EPA needs betteriInformation on site cleanup and cost issues to estimate future program funding requirements [GAO-09-656]. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09656.pdf

    In-text
    Paraphrase: First instance (United States Government Accountability Office, 2009). Further instances (U. S. GAO, 2009).
    Quotation: First instance (United States Government Accountability Office, 2009, p. 45). Further instances (U. S. GAO, 2009, p. 49).

    Recorded & archived at a website

    PBS & WGBH (Boston). (2009, February 9). America's Ballroom Challenge: Interview with the show's creator: Aida Moreno. Available at the PBS website: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/ballroomchallenge/interview.html

    Personal: not archived

    Show only in-text. Format:
    Last name, First & Middle Initials (personal communication, Month Date, year).

    DO NOT INCLUDE IN REFERENCES.

    Michigan law (Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated)

    Title of the act. MCLA abbreviated title. Section number. (Publisher year).

    Safe Drinking Water Act. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. 325.1007 (West 1999).

    Michigan Supreme Court case

    First party v. Second party, Volume number Michigan Reports abbreviated title First page of case (year case decided).

    People v. Davis, 472 Mich. 156 (2005).

    Michigan Court of Appeals case

    First party v. Second party, Volume number Michigan Appeals Reports abbreviation First page of case (year case decided).

    Tuggle v. Department of State Police, 269 Mich App 657 (2005).

    Federal law (original version, as passed)

    Title of the law. Public law number. Date enacted. Statutes at Large cataloging number.

    Fair Credit and Charge Card Disclosure Act of 1988. Pub. L. 100-583. 3 Nov. 1988. Stat. 102.2960.

    Title of case. Number of the case. Name of court that decided the case. Date of decision.

    United States Department of Defense v. Federal Labor Relations Authority. No 92-1223. Supreme Ct. of the US. 23 February 1994.

    Adapted with permission from Lansing Community College's APA Print and Media Sources page.

    Working Paper / In press

    Guéguen, N. (In Press, Uncorrected Proof). Dead indoor plants strengthen belief in global warming. [Abstract]. Journal of Environmental Psychology. Retrieved from ScienceDirect database.

    Electronic mailing lists / Listserv

    Campbell, D. (2010, April 1). Re: Evaluating resources [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://lists.ala.org/wws/arc/ili-l

    In-text: (Campbell, 2010).

    Private E-mail messages should be cited as personal communications and will not appear on your reference page. Cite in-text as follows:

    Campbell, D. (personal communication, April 1, 2010)

    Baker College. (2010). Academic integrity [Library handout]. Retrieved from http://guides.baker.edu/academicintegrity

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Baker College, 2008). Quotation: (Baker College, 2008, p. 2).

    The examples below work for most article databases.
    For additional examples, look in the Articles menu.

    Power, S. (2008, March 17). EPA says carbon caps won't harm economy much. Wall Street Journal, A.2.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Power, 2008). Quotation: (Power, 2008, para. 5).

    Marino, S. (1999, June 7). The difference between managing and leading. Industry Week, 248(11), 10.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Marino, 1999). Quotation: (Marino, 1999, p. 10).

    Han, J., & Shen, Y. (2015). Financial development and total factor productivity growth: Evidence from China. Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, 51, S261-S274.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Han & Shen, 2015). Quotation: (Han & Shen, 2015, p. S271).

    Conference Proceeding:

    Stein, C., Limper, M., & Kuijper, A. (2014). Spatial data structures for accelerated 3D visibility computation to enable large model visualization on the web. Proceedings of the Nineteenth International ACM Conference on 3D Web Technologies, 53-61.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Stein, Limper, & Kuijper, 2014).
    Quotation: (Stein, Limper, & Kuijper, 2014, para. 2).

    Kamp, P.-H. (2014, August). Quality software costs money--Heartbleed was free. Communications of the ACM, 57(8), 49-51.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Kamp, 2014). Quotation: (Kamp, 2014, p. 50).

    American History Online & similar Facts on File databases

    Phillips, C., & Axelrod, A. (2005). World War II in the Pacific theater. In Encyclopedia of wars. Facts on File.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Phillips & Axelrod, 2005). Quotation: (Phillips & Axelrod, 2005, para. 3).

    World War II in the Pacific theater. (2005). In Encyclopedia of wars. Facts on File.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: ("World War II", 2005). Quotation: ("World War II", 2005, para. 3).

    A to Z World Culture (World Trade Press)

    World Trade Press. (2014). Thailand: Life cycle. A to Z World Culture.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (World Trade Press, 2014).
    Quotation: (World Trade Press, 2014, Marriage section, para. 1).

    A to Z Maps (World Trade Press)

    NASA Global View Maps. (2000, March). Carbon monoxide [Presentation]. A to Z Maps Online.

    In-text
    (NASA Global View Maps, 2000).

    NASA Earth Observatory - Climate Change Maps. (2004, December 1 &ndash 2005, January 1). NASA Earth Observations (NEO): Blue marble: Next generation (Terra/MODIS). A to Z Maps Online.

    In-text
    (NASA Earth Observatory, 2004).

    Chronicle of Higher Education

    McCabe, D. L. & Drinan, P. (1999, October 15). Toward a culture of academic integrity. Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (McCabe & Drinan, 1999). Quotation: (McCabe & Drinan, 1999, para. 3).

    CINAHL Complete (EBSCO)

    Leow, Q., Drury, V., & Poon, W. (2010). A qualitative exploration of patients' experiences of music therapy in an inpatient hospice in Singapore. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 16(7), 344-350. Retrieved from CINAHL Complete database.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Leow, Drury, & Poon, 2010). Quotation: (Leow, Drury, & Poon, 2010, p. 346).

    Mantel, B. (2014, January 24). Minimum wage. CQ Researcher, 24(4), 73-96.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Mantel, 2014). Quotation: (Mantel, 2014, p. 89).

    Basic demographic summary chart: Flint, MI [Data]. (2013). Gale DemographicsNow.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase/Quote: ("Basic Demographic Summary," 2013).

    Household comparison: Flint, MI and Muskegon, MI [Data]. (2010). Gale DemographicsNow.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase/Quote: ("Household Comparison," 2010).

    Local market comparison for Carpets and rugs (SIC Code: 22730000): New York City and District of Columbia [Custom report]. (2012). Gale DemographicsNow.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase/Quote: ("Local Market Comparison," 2012).

    Loguidice, B., & Barton, M. (2014). Vintage game consoles: An inside look at Apple, Atari, Commodore, Nintendo, and the greatest gaming platforms of all time. Routledge.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Loguidice & Barton, 2014). Quotation: (Loguidice & Barton, 2014, p. 34).

    Facts and Comparisons eAnswers

    Donepezil Hydrochloride Oral. (2020, November 8). In Drug Facts and Comparisons. Facts and Comparisons eAnswers.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: ("Donepezil Hydrochloride," 2020).
    Quotation ("Donepezil Hydrochloride," 2020, Indications section).

    Cambridge Educational. (2006). Information literacy: The perils of online research [Video]. Films on Demand.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Cambridge Educational, 2006).
    Quotation (use time stamp): (Cambridge Educational, 2006, 13:22).

    BBC. (2013). The divergent thinking test [segment 12]. In The creative brain: How insight works [Video]. Films on Demand.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (BBC, 2013). Quotation: (BBC, 2013, 21:23).

    White, N. A. (2012). Juvenile and youth offenders. In S. M. Barton-Bellessa (Ed.), Encyclopedia of community corrections (pp. 221-225). SAGE Reference.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (White, 2012). Quotation: (White, 2012, p. 222).

    Compensation. (2012). In S. D. Hill (Ed.), Encyclopedia of management (7th ed., pp. 127-135). Gale.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (&ldquoCompensation,&rdquo 2012). Quotation: (&ldquoCompensation,&rdquo 2012, p. 134).

    Turk, S. (2014, July). Coffee production in the US ( US Industry (NAICS) Report 31192a). IBISWorld Industry Market Research.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Turk, 2014). Quotation: (Turk, 2014, p. 6).

    IBISWorld. (2020, December). Business sentiment index (US Business Environment Profiles Report B114). IBISWorld Industry Market Research.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (IBISWorld, 2020). Quotation: (IBISWorld, 2020, para. 4).

    InfoTrac Newsstand(no author)

    Strenuous exercise won't hurt your sleep. (2003, June 8). Washington Times, p. C11.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: ("Strenuous Exercise", 2003). Quotation: ("Strenuous Exercise", 2003, para. 2).

    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Roe v. Wade, 1973). Quotation: (Roe v. Wade, 1973, para. 3).

    Zacks Equity Research. (2018, June 1). Starbucks Corporation [Analyst report].

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Zacks Investment Research, 2018).
    Quotation: (Zacks Investment Research, 2018, p. 7).

    Dunkin' Brands Group, Inc. (2014). Annual income statement. Mergent Online.

    In-text: (Dunkin' Brands Group, Inc., 2014).

    Zeinert, K. (1998). Those courageous women of the Civil War. Millbrook Press. eBooks on EBSCOhost.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Zeinert, 1998). Quotation: (Zeinert, 1998, p. 34).

    Strong voter support for California Medical Privacy Law. (2012, July 2). PR Newswire. InfoTrac Newsstand.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: ("Strong Voter", 2012). Quotation: ("Strong Voter", 2012, para. 7).

    OmniFile Full Text Select

    McKnight-Tutein, G., & Thackaberry, A. (2011). Having it all. Distance Learning, 8(3), 17-22.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (McKnight-Tutein & Thackaberry, 2011). Quotation: (McKnight-Tutein & Thackaberry, 2011, p. 19).

    Gale Opposing Viewpoints

    Diller, V. (2013). Altered fashion magazine photographs contribute to unrealistic body images. In L. I. Gerdes (Ed.), The Culture of Beauty. Greenhaven Press.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Diller, 2013). Quotation: (Diller, 2013, para. 5).

    Jones, A. (2014, April 4). Alzheimer's is expensive, deadly and growing. So where's the research money? Newsweek, 162(13), 1.

    In-text
    Paraphrase: (Jones, 2014). Quotation: (Jones, 2014, p. 1).

    Research Starters are located in the Baker Library Search.

    Tarjan, S. (2013, January). Bariatric surgery. Magill's medical guide (Online edition). Research Starters in Baker Library Search.

    In-text:
    Paraphrase: (Tarjan, 2013). Quotation: (Tarjan, 2013, para. 7).

    Salem Press Resources

    Sexson, L. (2004). The Bhagavad Gita is created. In M. W. Chavalas (Ed.), Great events from history: The ancient world, prehistory-476 C.E. (2 vols). Salem Press.

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    Paraphrase: (Sexson, 2004). Quotation: (Sexson, 2004, para. 3).

    Reiss, M. J. (2002). Ethical dimensions of therapeutic human cloning. Journal of Biotechnology, 98(1), 61-70. Retrieved from ScienceDirect database.

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    Paraphrase: (Reiss, 2002). Quotation: (Reiss, 2002, p. 2).

    Nelson, M. R. (2010). Insects. In K. Krapp (Ed.), Experiment central: Understanding scientific principles through projects (2nd ed.). UXL.

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    Paraphrase: (Nelson, 2010). Quotation: (Nelson, 2010, para. 8).

    Edge, S. B. (Ed.) (2010). Chapter 3: Lip and Oral Cavity. In AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook (7th ed). Retrieved from STAT!Ref Online Electronic Medical Library database.

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    Paraphrase: (Edge, 2010). Quotation: (Edge, 2010, para. 7).

    Using DOI in Reference

    Naidu, C. V., Sathyanarayana, G. C., Durgalakshmi, K., Malleswara Rao, L., & Nagaratna, K. (2010). Is winter monsoon rainfall over South Peninsular India increasing in global warming era? Global and Planetary Change, 72(1-2), 69-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2010.04.002

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    The Wreck of the SS Santa Leonor On Adelaide Rocks In Paso Shoal, Smyth Channel, Patagonia, Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica Region, Chile - stock photo

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    Local landmarks torn down or threatened

    There&rsquos a construction fence around Ormond Beach Union Church, more recently rechristened as Ormond Beach Riverside Church. The city plans to tear down the distinctly midcentury-looking structure, built in 1961, to make room for a parking lot. It will join a number of local landmarks that recently have been torn down or are headed for demolition.

    Founded in 1883, with 19 members, the church at its height, during World War II, served 1,400 people. A white, wooden church was built on the lot in 1889. That was church that John D. Rockefeller regularly attended during his Ormond stays and helped support. It was torn down to make room for the current structure.

    A few miles away, Julian&rsquos Restaurant, an Ormond Beach restaurant that operated from 1967 until 2007, was torn down in April. In its heyday, the 300-seat restaurant was a popular spot for prime rib and fresh seafood. The restaurant, founded by Julian Lopez, advertised its piano and organ bar, three-tiered dining area and &ldquoexotic Polynesian decor.&rdquo

    Daytona Beach&rsquos Greyhound bus terminal also was demolished last month. The terminal had been closed since 2012. When it was built in 1962, it served 48 buses.

    Which landmarks will be the next to go? Perhaps the storm-damaged recreation hall on City Island has been closed for nine years and was slated for demolition by the city in 2018. It first opened in 1943 and was then called the Community Service Recreation Building. Daytona Beach had a big military influx in 1943 and built this hall as a recreation center for servicemen and WACs.


    Watch the video: Riverside: Qu0026A Sessions ENG subtitles