A group of experts have stated that 32,000-year-old bones discovered in Ukraine represent the oldest testimonies of modern man in Europe. Archaeologists found human bones and teeth, as well as tools, ivory ornaments, and animal remains in the Buran-Kaya caves, discovered by archaeologist Dr. Alexander Yanevich in the Crimean mountains in 1991.
Since then, around 200 human bone fragments have appeared, in addition to the ornaments and animal remains. Man-made artifacts in that region have allowed archaeologists to relate them to an ancient people known as "Gravettian”, A culture that encompassed the entire European continent and bears the name of La Gravette in France, the place where this culture was first studied through a stone.
The researchers were able to date the fossils using techniques of radiocarbon and from the shape of the remains, they knew it was trying to modern men (homo sapiens sapiens).
Something that surprised scientists was the shortage of long bones in caves. The site produced countless limb bones from animals such as antelopes, foxes and hares, but in terms of human remains, only vertebrae, teeth and skull bones no larger than 12 cm were found.
“The findings allow anthropologists to offer insight into a very early and important modern human culture"Said the teacher Clive Finlayson, Evolutionary Ecologist and Director of the Gibraltar Museum. “Gravettian culture is the culture that defines modern humans. These people had knives, light tools, outdoor camps that they set up using mammoth bones”, He added.
He further explained that “the discovery of this culture gave weight to the idea that the first modern men spread to Europe from the Russian plains, and not north through the Balkans from the Middle East”.
Source and Images: Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
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